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BACKGROUND Early seizure (ES) may complicate the clinical course of patients with acute stroke. The aim of this study was to assess the rate of and the predictive factors for ES as well the effects of ES on the clinical outcome at hospital discharge in patients with first-ever stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 638 consecutive patients with(More)
Intracranial venous thrombosis may occur at any time from infancy to old age and its clinical expression varies widely and sometimes it may present without focal signs. The most common symptoms are: headache, vomiting, transient or persistent visual obscuration, focal or generalized seizures, lethargy and coma, while papilledema is a common sign. There may(More)
BACKGROUND Dysphagia is common after stroke. We aimed to study the prognosis of dysphagia (assessed clinically) over the first 3 months after acute stroke and to determine whether specific neurovascular-anatomical sites were associated with swallowing dysfunction. METHODS We prospectively examined consecutive patients with acute first-ever stroke. The(More)
BACKGROUND Some investigators have stated that monoparesis is almost never the result of a lacunar infarct or cerebral haemorrhage. OBJECTIVE To describe the topography and aetiology in a consecutive population where first ever stroke was manifested by isolated monoparesis. METHODS Patients with motor paresis of only one limb were included consecutively(More)
Stroke is the leading cause of acquired motor disability in the adult. Neuropsychological sequelae are common after vascular brain injury. While left cortical signs and symptoms are clearly evident at neurological examination, right hemispheric dysfunction must be carefully pursued and sometimes can be underrecognized. Indeed, patients with right(More)
OBJECTIVES Eligibility criteria for thrombolysis in ischemic stroke have been clearly defined. However, not all eligible patients benefit from this treatment. This study aimed to assess the determinants for clinical outcome in consecutive, eligible patients with ischemic stroke treated with thrombolysis in a single-center study. METHODS Consecutive(More)
In patients admitted for acute stroke, the clinical burden of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and acute heart failure (AHF) is unclear. In these patients we evaluated: (1) the prevalence of AMI and AHF; (2) the effect of AMI and/or AHF on mortality at 3 months; (3) the risk factors for AMI and/or AHF. Consecutive patients admitted for acute stroke were(More)
Complete middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke is a life-threatening condition, which can lead to death in the form of "malignant MCA syndrome"; characterized by massive brain edema and cerebral herniation. Moreover, patients with complete MCA infarct have high mortality due to complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical predictors of(More)
OBJECTIVE Small-vessel disease is the most frequent cause of lacunar stroke. The aims of this study were to evaluate: 1) alternative causes of lacunar stroke other than small-vessel disease; 2) functional outcome of lacunar strokes due to small vessel disease compared to lacunar strokes due to alternative causes. METHODS Consecutive patients with(More)
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