Francesco Pallotti

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The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of 87 index cases with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) sequentially diagnosed in Italy, including an extremely large Brazilian family of Italian maternal ancestry, was evaluated in detail. Only seven pairs and three triplets of identical haplotypes were observed, attesting that the large majority of the LHON mutations(More)
BACKGROUND The mitochondrial myopathies typically affect many organ systems and are associated with mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) that are maternally inherited. However, there is also a sporadic form of mitochondrial myopathy in which exercise intolerance is the predominant symptom. We studied the biochemical and molecular characteristics of this(More)
We analysed key biochemical features that reflect the balance between glycolysis and glucose oxidation in cybrids (cytoplasmic hybrids) harbouring a representative sample of mitochondrial DNA point mutations and deletions. The cybrids analysed had the same 143B cell nuclear background and were isogenic for the mitochondrial background. The 143B cell line(More)
A G to A transition at nucleotide 11778 in the ND4 subunit gene of complex I was the first point mutation in the mitochondrial genome linked to a human disease. It causes Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy, a disorder with oxidative phosphorylation deficiency. To overcome this defect, we made a synthetic ND4 subunit compatible with the "universal" genetic(More)
The assay of Complex I activity requires the use of artificial acceptors, such as short-chain coenzyme Q homologs and analogs, because the physiological quinones, such as CoQ10, are too insoluble in water to be added as substrates to the assay media. The medical interest raised in the last years on the pathological changes of Complex I activity has focussed(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a genetic disease leading to the loss of central vision and optic nerve atrophy. The existence of occasional cases of LHON patients developing a Multiple Sclerosis (MS)-like illness and the hypothesis that mtDNA variants may be involved in MS suggest the possibility of some common molecular mechanisms linking(More)
We investigated NADH oxidation in non-synaptic and synaptic mitochondria from brain cortex of 4- and 24-month-old rats. The NADH oxidase activity was significantly lower in non-synaptic mitochondria from aged rats; we also found a significant decrease of sensitivity of NADH oxidation to the specific Complex I inhibitor, rotenone. Since the rotenone-binding(More)
Some analytical and functional parameters of rat heart mitochondrial have been investigated at six different periods of ageing from 2 to 26 months. The fatty acid composition of the mitochondrial membranes reveals a percentage increase of polyunsaturated fatty acids (20:4 n-6, 22:6 n-3) up to 12 months, followed by a decrease; however, fluorescence(More)
We have investigated structural and functional properties of skeletal muscle mitochondria obtained from biopsies from young and old individuals. The morphometric analysis of muscle sections revealed a tendency to an increase of total area, numerical density and volume density of mitochondria in the aged. The enzymatic activities of NADH-Coenzyme Q(More)