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UNLABELLED The response to antiviral therapy is lower in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients with genotype 1 than in those with genotype 2. Overexpression of the suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) gene in liver tissue is associated with a poorer treatment outcome in patients with chronic hepatitis C viral genotype 1. Also, insulin resistance has been(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the widespread use of free perforator flaps, pedicled perforator flaps seem not to be as widely accepted, probably because of the fear of vascular complications caused by transfer of a flap attached only by its vascular pedicle, prone to shearing, kinking, and trauma. In this article, the authors report on their experience with 85(More)
In the attempt to optimise the balance between the risk of local recurrence and the cosmetic outcomes in breast surgery, new surgical procedures, so-called oncoplastic techniques, have been introduced in recent years. The term oncoplastic surgery refers to surgery on the basis of oncological principles during which the techniques of plastic surgery are(More)
BACKGROUND The rhinophyma is an important soft-tissue hypertrophy of the nose. In literature a wide range of surgical approaches to rhinophyma has been described such as dermoabrasion, scalpel shave, cryosurgery, electrocautery, near total excision with skin grafting, and laser excision. PATIENTS AND METHODS The authors describe their experience with(More)
BACKGROUND Vessels in the supraclavicular area and their contribution to skin vascularization have always been studied for flaps planning in head and neck reconstruction and many pedicled flaps have been described based on those vessels. Little has been written instead about the vascularization of the supraclavicular skin itself for the use as a free flap.(More)
UNLABELLED The nasolabial skin is the ideal donor site for nasal ala reconstruction. The classic techniques involve a two-stage procedure to reconstruct an aesthetically pleasing nasal ala. A one-stage technique for reconstruction of the nasal ala with a free style nasolabial perforator flap is presented in this article. PATIENTS AND METHODS The technique(More)
BACKGROUND Gynaecomastia can be classified on the basis of the main characterising factors, i.e. pathogenesis, histopathology and morphology. The morphological classifications of gynaecomastia currently made often use subjective parameters and qualifying adjectives. In this paper the authors propose a scheme for morphological classification of gynaecomastia(More)
Oncoplastic surgery of the breast (OPS) has generated great excitement over the past years and has become an integrated component of the surgical treatment of breast cancer. Oncoplastic surgical procedures associate the best surgical oncologic principles to achieve wide tumor-free margins with the best principles of plastic surgery to optimize cosmetic(More)
BACKGROUND Implantable venous and electrical devices are prone to exposure and infection. Indications for management are controversial, but-especially if infected-exposed devices are often removed and an additional operation is needed to replace the device, causing a delay in chemotherapy and prolonging healing time. We present our protocol for device(More)
We present a method for morphodynamic reconstruction of the upper eyelid for large full thickness defects. The main features of this single-stage operation are: reconstruction of the conjunctiva by free mucosal graft from the oral cavity; mobilisation of a bipedicled myocutaneous flap from the preseptal (or orbital) portion of the lid, anchoring of the(More)