Francesco Morari

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Capacitance and resistivity sensors can be used to continuously monitor soil volumetric water content (θ) and pore-water electrical conductivity (EC(p)) with non-destructive methods. However, dielectric readings of capacitance sensors operating at low frequencies are normally biased by high soil electrical conductivity. A procedure to calibrate(More)
In 1996, intensive building operations near the botanical garden of Padova, the oldest botanical garden in the world, altered a long-established equilibrium between groundwater and plants and threatened the lives of some of them. To avoid water stress, an advanced irrigation system was installed. For design purposes, better knowledge of the water cycle and(More)
Pollination and soil fertility are important ecosystem services to agriculture but their relative roles and potential interactions are poorly understood. We explored the combined effects of pollination and soil fertility in sunflower using soils from a trial characterized by different long-term input management in order to recreate plausible levels of soil(More)
The deterministic field scale model DRAINMOD was tested in an experiment on subsurface pipe drainage in the Veneto region, in an environment of NE Italy characterised by the presence of a shallow water table in a flat area. The objective was to determine whether a minimal set of field data would suffice to use DRAINMOD for predictive purposes. The measured(More)
Aflatoxin is a carcinogenic toxin produced by the Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus fungi. This toxin is found in corn, cotton seeds, and peanuts and is consequently a major food safety issue. In this paper we report on a pilot study we conducted in Georgia, USA, to quantify the spatial distribution of aflatoxin in growing peanuts (Arachis(More)
Drought and salinity stresses will have a high impact on future crop productivity, due to climate change and the increased competition for land, water, and energy. The response to drought (WS), salinity (SS), and the combined stresses (WS+SS) was monitored in two maize lines: the inbred B73 and an F1 commercial stress-tolerant hybrid. A protocol mimicking(More)
Aggregate stability strongly influences soil structure and has relevant implications to soil organic carbon protection. We studied the physico-chemical and physical mechanisms of soil structural stability in a longterm experiment in north-eastern Italy. A 3D void network model was used to investigate subtle structural changes in aggregates and their(More)
Variable rate fertilization and precision harvesting could increase the potential for meeting durum wheat quality standards. Field spatial distribution of yield and protein content, and their interactions with soil properties and N fertilization were evaluated in an experiment on durum wheat in North Italy in 2011 and 2012. Variable rate fertilization was(More)
The optimization of irrigation use in agriculture is a key challenge to increase farm profitability and reduce its ecological footprint. To this context, an understanding of more efficient irrigation systems includes the assessment of water redistribution at the microscale. This study aimed to investigate rainfall interception by maize canopy and to model(More)