Francesco Massart

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Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture. In the past years, twin and family study have shown that this disease recognizes a strong genetic component and that genetic factors play an important role(More)
BACKGROUND Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), indices of large artery stiffness and measures of endothelium function may be used as markers of early atherosclerosis in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aim of the present study was to compare the indices of large artery structure and function as well as endothelial function and regenerating capacity(More)
Human milk is, without question, the best source of nutrition for infants containing the optimal balance of fats, carbohydrates and proteins for developing babies. Breastfeeding provides a range of benefits for growth, immunity and development building a powerful bond between mother and her child. Recognition of the manifold benefits of breast milk has led(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletal characteristics such as height (Ht), bone mineral density (BMD) or bone turnover markers are strongly inherited. Common variants in the genes encoding for estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) and beta (ESR2) are proposed as candidates for influencing bone phenotypes at the population level. METHODS We studied 641 healthy premenopausal women(More)
BACKGROUND Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) represent the gold-standard treatment for central precocious puberty (CPP). In CPP children, GnRHa treatment slows bone age progression and preserves adult height (Ht) by suppressing sexual steroid secretion. In some patients, however, GnRHa induce an inappropriate growth deceleration impairing Ht(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) synthesize elastin (ELN), major protein of aortic tunica media which confers strength and elasticity to aortic wall. Protein loss or distortion is typical in aneurysm tunica media. Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) inhibits growth and connective protein expression of abdominal VSMCs cultures. Also, in(More)
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) presents a wide spectrum of anatomical variants and clinical pictures depending on the topography and dimensions of the diaphragmatic defect and on the patient age. Most CDH cases acutely present with tachypnea, cyanosis, and respiratory failure within the first minutes to hours of life. Despite significant advances in(More)
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