Francesco Massari

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Indinavir (IDV) (also called CRIXIVAN, MK-639, or L-735,524) is a potent and selective inhibitor of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) protease. During early clinical trials, in which patients initiated therapy with suboptimal dosages of IDV, we monitored the emergence of viral resistance to the inhibitor by genotypic and phenotypic(More)
AIM A number of targeted therapies (TTs) are effective in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) but clinical outcomes with the sequential use of three TTs have been poorly investigated, this study evaluates their outcome. METHODS Patients with clear cells mRCC treated with three TTs were retrospectively studied. Therapies were classified as vascular(More)
Oestrogen receptors (ESRs) regulate the growth and differentiation of normal ovarian epithelia. However, to date their role as biomarkers in the clinical setting of ovarian cancer remains unclear. In view of potential endocrine treatment options, we tested the role of ESR1 mRNA expression in ovarian cancer in the context of a neo-adjuvant chemotherapy(More)
The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of Percutaneous Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty, in the treatment of pain deriving from neoplastic vertebral compression fractures (VCF). We treated 33 oncologic patients with these new techniques (2 pts with aggressive haemangiomas, 8 pts with myelomas and 23 pts with(More)
The aim of this study was to compare survival of resected and unresected patients in a large cohort of patients with metastases to the pancreas from renal cell carcinoma (PM-RCC). Data from 16 Italian centers involved in the treatment of metastatic RCC were retrospectively collected. The Kaplan–Meier and log-rank test methods were used to evaluate overall(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) derived from peripheral blood monocytes recruited into the renal cell carcinoma (RCC) microenvironment. In response to inflammatory stimuli, macrophages undergo M1 (classical) or M2 (alternative) activation. M1 cells produce high levels of inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-12, IL-23(More)
RCC is considered an immunogenic tumor with a prominent dysfunctional immune cell infiltrate, unable to control tumor growth. Evasion of immune surveillance, a process defined immune-editing, leads to malignant progression. The striking improvement of knowledge in immunology has led to the identification of immune checkpoints (such as CTLA-4 and PD-1),(More)
INTRODUCTION Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) mediates the expression of a variety of genes in response to cell stimuli and thus plays a key role in several cellular processes such as cell growth and apoptosis. Deregulation of the STAT3 activity has been shown in many malignancies, including breast, head and neck, prostate,(More)
PURPOSE Aim of this study was to investigate for the presence of existing prognostic factors in patients with bone metastases (BMs) from RCC since bone represents an unfavorable site of metastasis for renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Data of patients with BMs from RCC were retrospectively collected. Age, sex, ECOG-Performance Status(More)
Several novel recurrent mutations of histone modifying and chromatin remodeling genes have been identified in renal cell carcinoma. These mutations cause loss of function of several genes located in close proximity to VHL and include PBRM1, BAP1 and SETD2. PBRM1 encodes for BAF180, a component of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, and is inactivated(More)