Francesco Maione

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The chemokine fractalkine (FKN) is a critical mediator of spinal neuronal-microglial communication in chronic pain. Mature FKN is enzymatically cleaved from neuronal membranes and activation of its receptor, CX3CR1, which is expressed by microglia, induces phosphorylation of p38 MAPK. We used CX3CR1 knockout (KO) mice to examine pain behaviour in the(More)
DMSO is one of the most common solvents used experimentally to dissolve hydrophobic substances for in vivo and in vitro purposes. A wide range of pharmacological effects exerted by DMSO has been documented in both animal and human experimental models. However, only a few and sometimes contrasting data about the effects of DMSO in animal models of(More)
The study of the inflammatory response has seen a tremendous expansion over the last 30 years. Advancements in technology and better knowledge of the ethiopathogenesis of several inflammatory conditions have facilitated this process allowing researchers to almost reach the core of problem. Thus, we now know that inflammation can be manifested in many(More)
Human polymorphonuclear leukocytes adhesion to endothelial cells during the early stage of inflammation leads to cell surface externalization of Annexin A1 (AnxA1), an effector of endogenous anti-inflammation. The antiadhesive properties of AnxA1 become operative to finely tune polymorphonuclear leukocytes transmigration to the site of inflammation.(More)
OBJECTIVES Drug delivery systems consisting of liposomes displaying a cell surface receptor-targeting peptide are being developed to specifically deliver chemotherapeutic drugs to tumors overexpressing a target receptor. This study addresses novel liposome composition approaches to specifically target tissues overexpressing bombesin (BN) receptors. (More)
AIM Recently the NOTES approach has been extended to mediastinum by a transesophageal access and to the thorax by a transvescical endoscopic approach. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and the safety of transgastric endoscopic approach to the thoracic cavity, with lung biopsy, in a survival porcine model. METHODS The study was performed(More)
BACKGROUND Recent technological advances in miniaturisation have allowed for a confocal scanning microscope to be integrated into trans-endoscopic probes enabling endoscopists to collect in vivo virtual biopsies of the gastrointestinal mucosa during endoscopy. AIMS The aim of the present study was to assess prospectively the clinical applicability and(More)
Autoimmune diseases, like multiple sclerosis, are triggered by uncontrolled activation of cells of the immune system against self-antigen present, for instance, in the central nervous system. We have reported novel biological functions for Annexin A1, an effector of endogenous anti-inflammation, to produce positive actions on the adaptive immune system by(More)
This study deals with the isolation of the active constituent(s) from a methanolic extract of Pistacia integerrima J. L. Stewart barks and it was also oriented to evaluate the in vivo and in silico anti-inflammatory activity. By NMR and crystallography techniques, we have isolated a triterpenoid identified as daturaolone (compound 1). This compound showed(More)
Recently, the use of confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) in the diagnosis of chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC) was reported. In this brief report we aimed to assess the application of probe-based CLE to characterize colonic mucosa and dysplasia in CUC. The study involved a patient presenting long-standing CUC. Confocal imaging of both the inflamed mucosa, a(More)