Francesco M Turrini

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In population-based studies it has been established that inherited deficiency of erythrocyte (E) glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) confers protection against severe Plasmodium falciparum (P falciparum) malaria. Impaired growth of parasites in G6PD-deficient E in vitro has been reported in some studies, but not in others. In a systematic analysis, we(More)
Human monocyte-derived macrophages ingest diamide-treated red blood cells (RBC), anti-D immunoglobulin (Ig)G-opsonized RBC, or Plasmodium falciparum ring-stage parasitized RBC (RPRBC), degrade ingested hemoglobin rapidly, and can repeat the phagocytic cycle. Monocytes fed with trophozoite-parasitized RBC (TPRBC), which contain malarial pigment, or fed with(More)
Intraerythrocytic malaria parasites produce vast amounts of lactic acid through glycolysis. While the egress of lactate is very rapid, the mode of extrusion of H+ is not known. The possible involvement of a Na+/H+ antiport in the extrusion of protons across the plasma membrane of Plasmodium falciparum has been investigated by using the fluorescent pH probe(More)
The cytoplasmic domain of band 3 serves as a center of erythrocyte membrane organization and constitutes the major substrate of erythrocyte tyrosine kinases. Tyrosine phosphorylation of band 3 is induced by several physiologic stimuli, including malaria parasite invasion, cell shrinkage, normal cell aging, and oxidant stress (thalassemias, sickle cell(More)
Experiments conducted in space in the last two decades have shown that T lymphocyte activation in vitro is remarkably reduced in microgravity. The data indicate that a failure of the expression of the interleukin-2 receptor (measured as protein secreted in the supernatant) is responsible of the loss of activity. To test such hypothesis we have studied the(More)
The antiviral drug ribavirin (RBV) is widely used in combination with interferon (IFN) in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. A major side effect of RBV is a reversible hemolytic anemia. We have evaluated the in vitro effects of RBV on erythrocyte adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content and on hexosemonophosphate shunt (HMS). The ATP(More)
Mg is an important determinant of erythrocyte cation transport system(s) activity. We investigated cation transport in erythrocytes from mice bred for high (MGH) and low (MGL) Mg levels in erythrocytes and plasma. We found that K-Cl cotransport activity was higher in MGL than in MGH erythrocytes, and this could explain their higher mean corpuscular(More)
The electron spin resonance signal of Tempol decays in the presence of red cells. The decay is due to reduction of oxidant, paramagnetic nitroxide group by the metabolic activity of the red cell. In normal red cells, GSH level was stable and Tempol reduction rate followed a first-order kinetics. In G6PD-deficient red cells, GSH dropped and Tempol reduction(More)
High frequency of erythrocyte (red blood cell [RBC]) genetic disorders such as sickle cell trait, thalassemia trait, homozygous hemoglobin C (Hb-C), and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in regions with high incidence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria and case-control studies support the protective role of those conditions. Protection has(More)
A method is described for the quantitative measurement of phagocytosis of human erythrocytes, malaria-parasitized erythrocytes and isolated malarial pigment by adherent human monocytes. The method utilizes measurement of haem-elicited luminescence both for the assay of ingested haemoglobin or malarial pigment haem and for the quantification of adherent(More)