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BACKGROUND Fever of unknown origin (FUO) identifies a pattern of fever with temperature higher than 38.3 degrees C on several occasions over more than 3 weeks, in which the diagnosis remains uncertain after an initial diagnostic work-up. The identification of the cause of FUO is a challenge in clinical practice despite recent advances in diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B outbreaks in healthcare settings are still a serious public health concern in high-income countries. To elucidate the most frequent infection pathways and clinical settings involved, we performed a systematic review of hepatitis B virus outbreaks published between 1992 and 2007 within the EU and USA. METHODS The research was(More)
An outbreak of cutaneous larva migrans occurring in Naples, southern Italy, and involving 6 people is described. The infection was contracted in the area of Naples, through contact with material for dried floral arrangements most probably contaminated with dog or cat faeces. The factors that contributed to creating ideal conditions for the development and(More)
BACKGROUND Since early 2015, a large epidemic of Zika Virus (ZIKV) is spreading across South and Central America. An association between congenital neurological malformations (mainly microcephaly), other neurological manifestations such as Guillain-Barrè Syndrome, and ZIKV infection is suspected. CASE PRESENTATION Three confirmed cases of ZIKV in(More)
The SARS epidemic, the threat of bioterrorism, and recent examples of imported highly infectious diseases (HID) in Europe have all highlighted the importance of competent clinical and public health management of infectious disease emergencies. Although the European Union of Medical Specialists in Europe and the Infectious Diseases Society of America have(More)
The European Network for Infectious Diseases (EUNID) is a network of clinicians, public health epidemiologists, microbiologists, infection control, and critical-care doctors from the European member states, who are experienced in the management of patients with highly infectious diseases. We aim to develop a consensus recommendation for infection control(More)
BACKGROUND The management of patients with highly infectious diseases (HIDs) is a challenge for healthcare provision requiring a high level of care without compromising the safety of other patients and healthcare workers. AIM To study the infection control practice in isolation facilities participating in the European Network for Highly Infectious(More)
Patients with highly infectious diseases require safe, secure, high-quality medical care with high-level infection control, which may be most effectively delivered by specially trained staff in the setting of a high-level isolation unit (HLIU). The European Network of Infectious Diseases is a European Commission co-funded network of experts in the(More)
Chikungunya fever is a viral disease characterized by fever, arthralgia and rash. A large outbreak of Chikungunya fever began in 2005 in La Reunion, and it is still ongoing on many islands and countries of the Indian Ocean. Several cases have been detected in Europe in travellers returning from the affected areas. The disease is transmitted by the bite of(More)
Viral haemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) represent a challenge for public health because of their epidemic potential, and their possible use as bioterrorism agents poses particular concern. In 1999 the World Health Organization (WHO) proposed a case definition for VHFs, subsequently adopted by other international institutions with the aim of early detection of(More)