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This paper proposes a conceptual framework to investigate the e!ects of central bank independence, of the degree of centralization of wage bargaining and of the interaction between those institutional variables, on real wages, unemployment and in#ation, in a framework in which unions are averse to in#ation. This aversion moderates unions' wage demands as(More)
From 1969 to 1990 there were 309 patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (241 papillary and 68 follicular) treated with radioactive iodine for functioning node metastases alone (n=191) or distant metastases (n=118) with or without node metastases. These patients represented 32.7% of 945 patients treated in our institution during the same period.(More)
We model the optimal price setting problem of a firm in the presence of both information and menu costs. In this problem the firm optimally decides when to collect costly information on the adequacy of its price, an activity which we refer to as a price " review ". Upon each review, the firm chooses whether to adjust its price, subject to a menu cost, and(More)
Detectable serum Tg levels associated with negative diagnostic (131)I whole body scan are not infrequently found in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer. Several researchers have shown that in these patients the administration of high (131)I activity (100 mCi or more) increases the sensitivity of a posttherapy diagnostic (131)I whole body scan(More)
Serum thyroid hormone concentrations increase after radioiodine (RAI) therapy for Graves' disease. This phenomenon has been ascribed to either antithyroid drug withdrawal before RAI therapy or release of preformed thyroid hormones into the bloodstream from the RAI-damaged thyroid. Lithium blocks the release of iodine and thyroid hormones from the thyroid,(More)
Percutaneous intranodular ethanol injection (PEI) has been proposed for the therapy of autonomously functioning thyroid nodules. In 1992, an Italian multicenter study was undertaken to confirm the usefulness and the feasibility of this procedure. The study included 429 patients: 242 (56.4%) were affected by a toxic adenoma (TA) and 187 (43.5%) by pretoxic(More)
In 2004 all publications will carry a motif taken from the €100 banknote. 1 The views expressed in this paper do not necessarily reflect those of the European Central Bank or the Eurosystem.We are very grateful for advice and encouragement from David Altig, Klaus Masuch and Hans-Joachim Klöckers.The careful editorial assistance of Monica Crabtree is much(More)