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PURPOSE Mechanisms inducing continuous spike-wave during slow sleep (CSWS) in encephalopathy with electrical status epilepticus during sleep are still unclear. Recently, some sporadic cases with early thalamic injury associated with CSWS have been reported. The aim of the study was to investigate in a population of patients with an early thalamic injury the(More)
PURPOSE To try to prove in patients with refractory symptomatic epilepsy due to early brain injury involving thalamus and complicated by CSWS the effects of the isolation of the injured hemisphere, performed with functional hemisperectomy, on epilepsy, namely on CSWS. METHODS Full clinical follow-up before and after surgery of two cases with CSWS onset at(More)
BACKGROUND Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a well-known clinical entity caused by partial deletion of the short arm of one chromosome 4 (4p- syndrome). Seizures occur in almost all the cases, but studies on the electroclinical disorder and its evolution are still scarce. We present a longitudinal study of the electroclinical features in 10 children with(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether perceptual-motor competence in school-age children with Down syndrome was generally delayed or varied as a function of type of action. Twenty-two children with Down syndrome (13 males, 9 females), aged between 4.5 and 14 years were assessed on two standardized tests, the Movement Assessment Battery for Children(More)
The clinical, radiological, neurophysiological and neuropsychological findings of three patients with giant subcortical heterotopia are reported. All patients experienced psychomotor and behaviour improvement after surgery. Two subjects are seizure-free after complete excision of the heterotopia; the third patient significantly improved following subtotal(More)
PURPOSE We report the case of a male newborn with Ohtahara syndrome and right hemimegalencephaly who presented epileptic negative myoclonus in the first days of life. METHODS Prolonged polygraphic studies were performed, as well as MRI and a full clinical examination. RESULTS EEG showed a constant and nonreactive pattern of burst suppression. There were(More)
The aim of the study was to analyse the semiology of seizures in children with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) and to compare them with other paediatric cohorts described in the literature as well as with adult counterparts. We analysed 174 registered seizures of 18 cases under 12 years with lesional epilepsy whose frontal origin was defined by the concordance(More)
We performed a long-term follow-up of 10 patients with hemimegalencephaly and refractory epilepsy, after having treated them with hemispherectomy. Before surgery, 9 patients presented with delayed motor and cognitive development. Surgery was performed between age 5 months and 4 years and 8 months; the mean postsurgical follow-up was 5 years and 2 months.(More)
PURPOSE To study prospectively the evolution of visual attention in children with West syndrome to evaluate its development before the onset of spasms, its possible deterioration as a consequence of epileptic disorders, and its outcome at the age of 2 years, and the possible relation between the impairment of visual attention and cognitive development. (More)
No familial cases of epilepsy associated with bilateral occipital calcifications (EBOC) have been reported so far. This paper describes the clinical, electrophysiological and radiological study of two sisters affected by partial epilepsy, one with unilateral and the other with bilateral occipital calcifications. Celiac disease was excluded in both patients,(More)