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PURPOSE Mechanisms inducing continuous spike-wave during slow sleep (CSWS) in encephalopathy with electrical status epilepticus during sleep are still unclear. Recently, some sporadic cases with early thalamic injury associated with CSWS have been reported. The aim of the study was to investigate in a population of patients with an early thalamic injury the(More)
PURPOSE To try to prove in patients with refractory symptomatic epilepsy due to early brain injury involving thalamus and complicated by CSWS the effects of the isolation of the injured hemisphere, performed with functional hemisperectomy, on epilepsy, namely on CSWS. METHODS Full clinical follow-up before and after surgery of two cases with CSWS onset at(More)
Children with a deficiency of laminin alpha 2 chain generally show an involvement of skeletal muscles, cerebral white matter and peripheral nerves. Among these patients, however, there is increasing evidence of molecular and phenotype heterogeneity. We report a 19-year-old girl with distal weakness, mental retardation and refractory epilepsy in whom(More)
BACKGROUND Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a well-known clinical entity caused by partial deletion of the short arm of one chromosome 4 (4p- syndrome). Seizures occur in almost all the cases, but studies on the electroclinical disorder and its evolution are still scarce. We present a longitudinal study of the electroclinical features in 10 children with(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors present the case of an adolescent affected with refractory epilepsy due to a neonatal ischemic infarction of the right medial cerebral artery. Hemiplegic since the first months of life, she began presenting motor partial seizures associated with drop attacks at 4.5 years; these were initially well controlled by antiepileptic drugs,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that locomotion can improve cognitive development in a paediatric population with meningomyelocele (MMC) and hydrocephalus. METHODS Twenty-nine children with MMC and shunted hydrocephalus were studied. All had motor impairment, but after physiotherapy and training walking was possible in 23 of them(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether perceptual-motor competence in school-age children with Down syndrome was generally delayed or varied as a function of type of action. Twenty-two children with Down syndrome (13 males, 9 females), aged between 4.5 and 14 years were assessed on two standardized tests, the Movement Assessment Battery for Children(More)
The authors report their experience about a neuro-cognitive and epileptic long-term follow-up of children with catastrophic epilepsy treated with hemispherectomy in the first 5 years of life. Nineteen children with resistant epilepsy that significantly interfered with their neuro-cognitive development underwent hemispherectomy within 5 years of life (mean:(More)
The clinical, radiological, neurophysiological and neuropsychological findings of three patients with giant subcortical heterotopia are reported. All patients experienced psychomotor and behaviour improvement after surgery. Two subjects are seizure-free after complete excision of the heterotopia; the third patient significantly improved following subtotal(More)