Francesco Guarnaccia

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Iodine-labelled metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) is a radiopharmaceutical used for diagnostic imaging and targeted radiotherapy of neuroendocrine tumors. We previously reported that the ability of a neuroblastoma (NB) cell line, LAN-5, to accumulate MIBG was powerfully stimulated by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), a well-known NB differentiation-promoting(More)
Recombinant gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma) has recently been shown to be one of the most effective inducers of neuroblastoma (NB) cell differentiation. Since increasing evidence indicates that expression of MHC class-I and class-II antigens by tumour cells is important for immunorecognition and cell targeting, we tested whether induction of NB cell(More)
Differentiation of human neuroblastoma (NB) cells is a very interesting biologic event, providing useful insights in both basic neurobiology and clinical management of this malignancy. Investigation of in vitro NB differentiation exploits several NB cell lines that can be induced to differentiate by an array of natural or synthetic chemicals, as well as(More)
To evaluate the real effectiveness of various chemical modifications in enhancing the ability of antisense molecules to inhibit gene expression, the toxicity, stability, uptake, and intracellular localization of an identical sequence, synthetized either with a phosphodiester or a phosphorothioate backbone, with or without a cholesteryl moiety linked to the(More)
Integration of retroviral DNA into the host cell genome, catalyzed by the integrase (IN) protein, is thought to be required for replication. We show here that one IN-minus defective mutant of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is able to replicate in macrophages but not in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs). Replication of the HIV-1 defective(More)
We showed earlier that interferon-gamma is a powerful inducer of differentiation of human neuroblastoma (NB) cells. Although 2',5' oligo-adenylate synthetase (2,5 OAS) may play a role in mediating the anti-proliferative and/or differentiative effects of interferons (IFNs), direct evidence is lacking. We have investigated gene and protein expression of the 4(More)
The cloning and sequencing of the isoform-specific regions of the human Ca2+-independent protein kinase C-encoding genes is described. These clones will serve as correct size probes for screening human genomic or cDNA libraries and isolating full-length clones.
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