Francesco Giammanco

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High-precision spectral measurements on the 9th harmonic generated in xenon gas are compared with calculations of the plasma dynamics resulting from multiphoton ionization in the laser focus. For the regime of 300 ps pulses and above-saturation intensities a novel mechanism producing redshifts in the harmonics is uncovered and explained. Ions play a double(More)
A hot stable field-reversed configuration (FRC) has been produced in the C-2 experiment by colliding and merging two high-β plasmoids preformed by the dynamic version of field-reversed θ-pinch technology. The merging process exhibits the highest poloidal flux amplification obtained in a magnetic confinement system (over tenfold increase). Most of the(More)
A compact high-sensitivity second-harmonic interferometer for line-integrated electron density measurements on a large plasma machine is presented. The device is based on a fiber coupled near-infrared continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser and is remotely controlled. The performances of the instrument are tested on the Irvine field-reversed configuration machine, and(More)
A compact modular high-speed high-sensitivity second-harmonic interferometer is used to characterize a pulsed gas jet. The temporal evolution of the line-integrated gas density is measured with a resolution of 1 μs revealing detailed information on its dynamics. The actual radial gas density distribution in the jet is obtained applying the Abel's inversion(More)
A second-harmonic interferometer based on a CW Nd:YAG laser is presented. The versatile device measures the line-integrated dispersion at the fundamental and second-harmonic wavelengths. A temporal resolution of 1.25 micros with sensitivity of 1.3 mrad and a temporal resolution of 10 micros with sensitivity of 0.3 mrad are demonstrated for a laser power of(More)
We describe an experiment of atomic spectroscopy devoted to ascertaining whether the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of photons has the same property of interacting with atoms or molecules as occurs for the spin angular momentum (SAM). In our experiment, rubidium vapors are excited by means of laser radiation with different combinations of OAM and SAM,(More)
A second-harmonic interferometer using 25 ps pluses is presented, achieving a sensitivity of 9x10(-10) m in measuring line-integrated dispersion between 1064 and 532 nm. Using the same laser source, a third-harmonic interferometer is demonstrated for the first time to our knowledge, achieving a sensitivity of 7x10(-9) m in measuring line-integrated(More)
Double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was recently proposed for the analysis of underwater samples, since it overcomes the drawbacks of rapid plasma quenching and of large continuum emission, typical of single-pulse ablation. Despite the attractiveness of the method, this approach suffers nevertheless from a poor spectroscopic(More)
This contribution is aimed at describing the most recent activity carried out in the labs of ISC-CNR, Florence concerning preparation and spectroscopic investigation of Au and Cu nanoparticles of different dimensions and morphology, with particular focus on the properties of enhancement of the Raman response of molecular adsorbates. In this framework, we(More)
The use of a gas cell as a target for laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) offers the possibility to obtain stable and manageable laser-plasma interaction process, a mandatory condition for practical applications of this emerging technique, especially in multi-stage accelerators. In order to obtain full control of the gas particle number density in the(More)