Francesco Gabbrielli

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Since its presentation by Mirizzi in 1931, the role of intraoperative cholangiography (ICHO) has been controversial and has become an argument even more disputed with the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (VLC) in 1988. The Authors reviewed their experience to determine the most appropriate use of ICHO during VLC on the basis of a retrospective(More)
Advanced training using Human Patient Simulators (HPS) is, for the large part, unavailable for the majority of healthcare providers in rural, remote, and less developed regions of the world--either due to their separation from the major medical education centers or significant fiscal austerity. Remote access to HPS based on the Applications Software(More)
Accordingly to HIRSA, 35,000 health professionals need to be trained in recognition and acute field treatment of victims of bioterrorism within year 2004 alone The Department of Defense anticipates even larger numbers. Training of very large number of healthcare workers is particularly daunting in the context of "just-in-time" education. The paper presents(More)
Italy was lacking standardised procedures for donor safety evaluation. We developed practice guidelines, while a panel of experts coordinated by the National Transplant Centre, is available 24 hours a day to support decisions in difficult cases. The guidelines identify five levels of risk and give recommendations for the utilization of donors with HBV and(More)
BACKGROUND Only half of the patients waiting for a heart transplant undergo surgery, whereas several patients continue to die while on the waiting list. Donor organ availability still represents a major problem with respect to reducing the length of the cardiac transplant waiting list. One option to improve donor availability is the use of so called(More)
UNLABELLED Starting from the report on medical errors published in 1999 by the US Institute of Medicine, a number of different approaches to risk management have been developed for maximum risk reduction in health care activities. The health care authorities in many countries have focused attention on patient safety, employing action research programs that(More)
Simulation offers the most efficient adjunct in education and " refresher " training of medical personnel. However, simulation devices and facilities are expensive and the combination of cost, distance from the training centers, and professional constraints prevent medical personnel in rural and remote regions from simulation-based training. We have(More)
Optical chemical structure recognition is the problem of converting a bitmap image containing a chemical structure formula into a standard structured representation of the molecule. We introduce a novel approach to this problem based on the pipelined integration of pattern recognition techniques with probabilistic knowledge representation and reasoning.(More)
Laparoscopy, which has been well known as a diagnostic procedure for more than a century, has recently established itself as an important therapeutic procedure in several branches of surgery. In the present study the authors report on 221 patients over a 10-year period (1991-2001), admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of acute abdomen or abdominal trauma.(More)