Francesco Di Lorenzo

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BACKGROUND Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) is an atypical degenerative Parkinsonism characterized by postural instability, supranuclear gaze palsy and frontal deficits. Recent imaging studies revealed that the volume of cerebellar peduncles and midbrain were reduced in PSP. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies demonstrated a cerebellar(More)
Dystonia is generally regarded as a disorder of the basal ganglia and their efferent connections to the thalamus and brainstem, but an important role of cerebellar-thalamo-cortical (CTC) circuits in the pathophysiology of dystonia has been invoked. Here in a sham controlled trial, we tested the effects of two-weeks of cerebellar continuous theta burst(More)
The dysfunction of cholinergic neurons is a typical hallmark in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previous findings demonstrated that high density of cholinergic receptors is found in the thalamus and the cerebellum compared with the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus. We aimed at investigating whether activation of the cerebello-thalamo-cortical pathway by means(More)
Learning of new skills may occur through Hebbian associative changes in the synaptic strength of cortical connections [spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP)], but how the precise temporal relationship of the presynaptic and postsynaptic inputs determines the STDP effects in humans is poorly understood. We used a novel paired associative stimulation(More)
In animal models of Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyloid-β fragments interfere with mechanisms of cortical plasticity such as long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD). In the current study, we applied repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over the primary motor cortex (M1) in AD patients and in age-matched healthy controls, using(More)
Current treatment options for patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are limited at providing symptomatic relief, with no effects on the underlying pathophysiology. Recently, advances in the understanding of the AD pathogenesis highlighted the role of ABeta (Aβ) oligomers particularly interfering with mechanisms of cortical plasticity such as long-term(More)
BACKGROUND Latex intraoperative allergy is more and more frequent, especially in at groups risk (patients with spina bifida or congenital genitourinary abnormalities, pluri-operated patients, atopic subjects) and in pediatric age. The main problem of this allergy consists in the necessity of a strict collaboration of many specialists, in order to identify(More)
Dopamine is a neurotransmitter involved in several brain functions ranging from emotions control, movement organization to memory formation. It is also involved in the regulation of mechanisms of synaptic plasticity. However, its role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis is still puzzling. Several recent line of research instead indicates a clear role(More)
OBJECTIVE Mechanisms of synaptic plasticity like long term depression (LTD) are altered in experimental models of Alzheimer's disease (AD). LTD-like plasticity mechanisms has not been yet fully investigated in AD patients. METHODS Here we studied the effects of low frequency (1 Hz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the primary motor(More)