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Executive dysfunction has been shown to be a promising endophenotype in neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This article reviewed 26 studies that examined executive function comparing ASD and/or ADHD children. In light of findings from this review, the ASD + ADHD group(More)
OBJECTIVE The study investigate the presence of depressive disorders in patient who are taken in general hospital, to prevent and reduce the risk of developing a psychological pathology (anxious-depressive symptoms). METHODS We used two tests: 1. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) by Goldberg, a self-report questionnaire, consisting of 12 items, used(More)
AIM The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) as a screening tool for emotional and behavioral problems in three different populations at risk. METHODS The SDQ is a brief screening questionnaire that investigates the presence of emotional and behavioural problems in children and adolescents.(More)
The migration process is a cause of physical and social stressors that may lead to mental health problems, particularly in children. In Italy, there are few studies about migrant children's mental health; thus, the aim of this study is to compare the prevalence and types of emotional and behavioral problems in migrant schoolchildren to those of native(More)
Corpus callosum abnormality (CCA) outcomes are quite unpredictable and variable, from asymptomatic forms to mild or severe neurodevelopment disorders. The aim of this study was to examine clinical outcomes in CCA patients. The study included 61 children and adolescents in whom brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans showed CCA, isolated or associated(More)
The aim of this prospective observational study was to verify the tolerability and safety profile of risperidone in a sample of antipsychotic-naive children/adolescent patients having a different psychiatric diagnosis. Twenty-two (mean age of 12±3.2) antipsychotic-naive patients who started therapy with risperidone were recruited. The assessment involved(More)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder with extremely complex etiology, not yet well defined but certainly multi-factorial. This study investigated the possible etiopathogenetic role of ADHD symptoms and psychopathology disorders in parents of children with ADHD. We present a case-control study of parents of 50 children affected by(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent headache is common in childhood, but there is not a great amount of data on the associations between headaches and psychopathology in children. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to examine the relationships between primary headaches and psychopathology in children, using both the categorical and dimensional assessment. METHODS The(More)
OBJECTIVE An association between streptococcal infections, ABGA positivity, and no comorbidity ADHD (nc-ADHD) has been little investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the streptococcal infection frequency, defined entitled serum antistreptolysin O (ASO), and frequency of serum ABGA positivity in a sample of patients with nc-ADHD. METHOD In all(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the association between the clinical and neurobiological markers of neurodevelopmental impairments and early-onset schizophrenia spectrum psychosis. METHODS A sample of 36 patients with early-onset schizophrenia spectrum psychosis was compared to a control sample of 36 patients with migraine. We assessed(More)