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The adult human vomeronasal organ (VNO) has been the focus of numerous recent investigations, yet its developmental continuity from the human fetal VNO is poorly understood. The present study compared new data on the adult human "VNO" with previous findings on the fetal human VNO. Nasal septa were removed from twelve adult human cadavers and each specimen(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of 3 different application strategies for transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on neuropathy-induced allodynia and dorsal horn neurotransmitter content. Rats were treated with high-frequency, low-frequency, or a combination of high and low-frequency stimulation. TENS was delivered(More)
Routine cadaver dissection has resulted in the identification of a fourth head of the triceps brachii muscle on the left side in one specimen. This novel arrangement demonstrated a single tendon arising from the proximal posteromedial aspect of the humeral shaft, distal to the shoulder capsule. The tendon of this fourth head passed along the medial aspect(More)
BACKGROUND Astym(®) therapy is a manual therapy intervention used to stimulate tissue healing, decrease pain, improve mobility, and improve muscle performance associated with musculoskeletal pathology. The purpose of this study was to determine if Astym therapy administered to the lower extremity would result in an immediate change of maximal force output(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Complex regional pain syndrome type II (CPSII) is a painful condition that develops following a nerve injury. Although transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) relieves the pain of CPSII, the stimulation parameters that would best prevent the development of the condition are not known. The purpose of this study was to(More)
The present study directly examined the axon terminal (synaptosomal) level of amino acid neurotransmitters in rats following chronic constriction injury (CCI) to the sciatic nerve. Dorsal horn, synaptosomal content of aspartate (Asp), glutamate (Glu), glycine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was assessed in these rats, and in normal age-matched and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if daily transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) can alter the thermal and mechanical allodynia that develops after chronic constriction injury (CCI) to the right sciatic nerve of rats. DESIGN A completely randomized experimental design was used. Four groups of rats underwent CCI surgery to the right sciatic nerve and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relation between axon terminal neurotransmitter content in the dorsal horn and allodynia in neuropathic rats treated with high-frequency transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS). DESIGN A completely randomized experimental design. Two groups of rats received a chronic constriction injury to the right sciatic nerve, and 2(More)
PURPOSE Despite the prevalence and clinical consequences of ligamentum teres pathology, its function is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to help define the role the ligamentum teres may have in hip joint stabilization and determine whether a ball and string model could be used to describe the function of the ligamentum teres. METHODS Eight(More)
The abductor pollicis longus (APL) muscle has been studied bilaterally in 50 cadavers. A variation in the organization of the muscle was found bilaterally in 15 of the 50 specimens. The novel muscular arrangement gives the appearance of being an additional muscle belly arising from the lateral aspect of the distal portion of the typical abductor pollicis(More)