Francesco Castelluccio

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Predation and competition are important factors structuring Antarctic benthic communities and are expected to promote the production of chemical defenses. Tunicates are subject to little predation, and this is often attributed to chemical compounds, although their defensive activity has been poorly demonstrated against sympatric predators. In fact, these(More)
A series of nine casbane diterpenes, compounds 5-13, exhibiting either cis or trans ring junctions were isolated from the Hainan soft coral Sinularia depressa. The structures of this group of compounds, the basic member of which was named depressin (5), were established by detailed spectroscopic analysis. In addition, the absolute configuration of the main(More)
The Mediterranean Sea is losing its biological distinctiveness, and the same phenomenon is occurring in other seas. It gives urgency to a better understanding of the factors that affect marine biological invasions. A chemoecological approach is proposed here to define biotic conditions that promote biological invasions in terms of enemy escape and resource(More)
The ethereal extract of the Antarctic gorgonian Dasystenella acanthina was found to contain three main nonpolar and relatively transient sesquiterpene metabolites (1-3), which were isolated and submitted to spectral analysis. Two of them were identified as the previously reported compounds trans-beta-farnesene (1) and isofuranodiene (3), whereas the third(More)
Hexactinellids (glass sponges) are an understudied class with syncytial organization and poor procariotic associations, thought to lack defensive secondary metabolites. Poriferans, though, are outstanding sources of bioactive compounds; nonetheless, a growing suspicion suggests that many of these chemicals could be symbiont-derived. In Polar latitudes,(More)
Chemical investigation of the lipophilic extract of the Antarctic soft coral Alcyonium grandis led us to the finding of nine unreported sesquiterpenoids, 2-10. These molecules are members of the illudalane class and in particular belong to the group of alcyopterosins, illudalanes isolated from marine organisms. The structures of 2-10 were determined by(More)
Two indole alkaloids, phidianidines A (1) and B (2), exhibiting an uncommon 1,2,4-oxadiazole ring linked to the indole system, have been isolated from the marine opisthobranch mollusk Phidiana militaris. The structures of the two metabolites have been elucidated by spectroscopic techniques. Phidianidines exhibit high cytotoxicity against tumor and nontumor(More)
The chemical investigation of Azorean nudibranch mollusk Tambja ceutae led us to isolate a new member of the tambjamine family, tambjamine K (1). The bryozoan Bugula dentata, prey of the nudibranch, was also analyzed and found to contain compound 1 in very small amounts together with known blue pigment 2 and tambjamines A (3) and B (4). The structure of(More)
The n-butanol extract of an Antarctic hexactinellid sponge, Anoxycalyx (Scolymastra) joubini, was found to contain a taurine-conjugated anthranilic acid, never reported so far either as a natural product or by synthesis. The compound was inactive against human cancer cells in an in vitro growth inhibitory test, and also showed no antibacterial activity.