Francesco Carlei

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Neuromedin U is a newly described regulatory peptide, found by radioimmunoassay in significant concentrations in both the brain and gut of the rat. The aim of the present study was to localize this peptide immunoreactivity to discrete structures of the gut and brain and to map its distribution using immunocytochemistry. In the gut, neuromedin U was confined(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate prospectively the feasibility, success rate, safety, and short-term results of single-stage laparoscopic treatment of gallstones and ductal stones in 100 consecutive, unselected patients. Common bile duct (CBD) stones were diagnosed at routine intraoperative cholangiography and choledochoscopy in 100 of 950 patients(More)
IMPORTANCE Recurrent laryngeal nerve dysfunction and hypoparathyroidism are well-recognized, important complications of thyroid surgery. The duration of convalescence after noncomplicated thyroid operation may depend on several factors, of which pain and fatigue are the most important. Nausea and vomiting occur mainly on the day of operation.(More)
Neurofilaments, part of the cytoskeletal network, and neuron specific enolase, a major enzyme in glycolysis, are both present in central and peripheral neurons. Glial fibrillary acidic protein and S-100, on the other hand, are soluble proteins which are found exclusively in the supportive cells of the nervous system, i.e. the glial cells. Examination was(More)
The presence and distribution of different neural markers in 30 neuroblastic tumours (neuroblastomas, ganglioneuroblastomas) and 6 non-neuroblastic tumours were investigated by immunocytochemistry. Neuron-specific enolase (NSE), S-100 protein, tyrosine hydroxylase, neurofilaments and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were localized in 3(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a multifunctional cytokine, is expressed by various cells after many stimuli. This cytokine release is related, among other things, to the extent of the surgically-induced trauma. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a so-called "mini-invasive" surgical procedure and, on the basis of this consideration, the aim of the(More)
The role of supplemental oxygen therapy in the healing of esophagojejunal anastomosis is still very much in an experimental stage. The aim of the present prospective, randomized study was to assess the effect of administration of perioperative supplemental oxygen therapy on esophagojejunal anastomosis, where the risk of leakage is high. We enrolled 171(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Anastomotic leakage is a major cause of mortality in colorectal surgery. Several methods have been evaluated in order to prevent anastomotic leakage. To decrease the rate and severity of anastomotic leakage, omentoplasty (OP) has been proposed by several authors on the basis of experimental and clinical studies. A prospective, randomized(More)
OBJECTIVE Because laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is widely recognized as a "mild" or "mini-invasive" kind of surgery, in this prospective nonrandomized study, we investigated the effect of intestinal manipulation on intestinal permeability and endotoxemia, in patients undergoing elective cholecystectomy by comparing the laparoscopic with the laparotomic(More)
Elevated intra-abdominal pressure during laparoscopy may promote systemic inflammatory response. In patients with generalized peritonitis from perforated appendicitis, we sought to compare acute phase response and immunologic status from laparoscopic and open approach. One hundred and forty-seven consecutive patients underwent appendectomy for perforated(More)