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Pharmacotherapy for Status Epilepticus
This comprehensive narrative review focuses on the pharmacotherapy of status epilepticus, presenting according to the four-staged approach outlined above, and providing pharmacological properties and efficacy/safety data for each antiepileptic drugaccording to the strength of scientific evidence from the available literature. Expand
Functional brain reorganization after spinal cord injury: Systematic review of animal and human studies
This review will focus on delineating the pathophysiological mechanisms of the brain plasticity changes following SCI, based on the existing neuroimaging and neurophysiological evidence in experimental models and humans. Expand
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)/repetitive TMS in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease
An updated and comprehensive systematic review of the studies that have employed TMS/rTMS in patients with MCI and AD to suggest that rTMS can enhance performances on several cognitive functions impaired in AD and MCI. Expand
Triphasic Waves
An electroclinical response to benzodiazepines and the evaluation of consciousness impairment should be considered when interpreting TWs, which occur in encephalopathies (metabolic or structural) or as an ictal pattern. Expand
Transcranial magnetic stimulation of visual cortex in migraine patients: a systematic review with meta-analysis
The hypothesis of a primary visual cortex hyper-excitability in MA, providing not enough evidence for MwA is supported, and phosphene prevalence alone cannot be considered a measure of cortical excitability, but should be integrated with PT evaluation. Expand
Pharmacologic treatment of status epilepticus
Based on the favourable tolerability profile of levetiracetam and valproate, the authors prefer these drugs in established SE over phenytoin. Expand
Invasive and non-invasive brain stimulation for treatment of neuropathic pain in patients with spinal cord injury: A review
A number of studies have begun to use non-invasive neuromodulatory techniques therapeutically to relieve neuropathic pain and phantom phenomena in patients with SCI, and further studies are warranted to corroborate the early findings and confirm different targets and stimulation paradigms. Expand
An evidence-based approach to proper diagnostic use of the electroencephalogram for suspected seizures
An evidence-based approach to proper use of the EEG in the diagnosis of seizures in an ambulatory care setting is described and concepts such as pretest and posttest probability and sensitivity and specificity with respect to EEG as a diagnostic test are presented. Expand
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation transiently reduces punding in Parkinson’s disease: a preliminary study
Abstract Amongst the impulse-control disorders (ICDs) associated with dopamine-replacement therapy in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a repetitive, complex, stereotyped behaviour calledExpand
Acute Symptomatic Seizures Caused by Electrolyte Disturbances
An accurate and prompt diagnosis should be established for a successful management of seizures, as rapid identification and correction of the underlying electrolyte disturbance are of crucial importance in the control of seizures and prevention of permanent brain damage. Expand