Francesco Bresciani

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Estrogen controls key cellular functions of responsive cells including the ability to survive, replicate, communicate and adapt to the extracellular milieu. Changes in the expression of 8400 genes were monitored here by cDNA microarray analysis during the first 32 h of human breast cancer (BC) ZR-75.1 cell stimulation with a mitogenic dose of(More)
Cyclin D1 is a target for positive regulation by estrogens in growth-responsive cells, in which it mediates their mitogenic effects. Amplification and overexpression of the cyclin D1 gene (CCND1) might thus represent a genetic lesion inducing hormone-independent growth of transformed cells. Indeed, cyclin D1 overexpression has been found in up to 50% of(More)
Estrogens are direct mitogens for hormone-responsive human breast cancercells, where they promote cell cycle progression and induce transcriptional activation of "immediate early" and cyclin genes. Nongenomic signaling by estrogens, including rapid changes of mitogen-activated protein(MAP) kinase and other signal-transduction-cascades activity, has been(More)
Antiestrogens are widely used for breast cancer treatment, where they act primarily by inhibiting the mitogenic action of estrogens on tumor cells. The effects of the pure antiestrogen ICI 182,780 on estrogen-regulated cell cycle phase-specific events were investigated here in synchronously cycling human breast cancer (HBC) cells. In early G(1)-arrested(More)
Estrogens induce cell proliferation in target tissues by stimulating progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Activation of cyclin D(1) gene expression is a critical feature of this hormonal action. The existence of rapid/nongenomic estradiol-regulated protein kinase C (PKC-alpha) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signal(More)
Estrogens induce transcriptional activation of c-fos and c-myc proto-oncogenes during mitogenic stimulation of human, chicken, mouse and rat cells in vivo and in vitro. In this paper we show that 17 beta-estradiol injected into adult ovariectomized rats increases c-jun, jun-B and jun-D gene transcription in the uterus. Kinetics and amplitude of response are(More)
Estrogens control cell growth and viability in target cells via an interplay of genomic and extragenomic pathways not yet elucidated. Here, we show evidence that cell proliferation and survival are differentially regulated by estrogen in rat pituitary tumor PR1 cells. Pico- to femtomolar concentrations of 17beta-estradiol (E2) are sufficient to foster PR1(More)
Estrogens induce cell proliferation in target tissues by stimulating progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Activation of cyclin D 1 gene expression is a critical feature of this hormonal action. The existence of rapid/non-genomic estradiol-regulated PKC-α and ERK signal transduction pathways, their cross-talk and role played in DNA synthesis(More)
A macromolecular component binding 3H-labelled 17 beta-oestradiol in a specific manner and sedimenting in the 8-10-S region on sucrose gradient has been detected in the mammary gland cytosol of ovariectomized adult virgin mice. The dissociation constant of the macromolecule-oestradiol complex is 4.2 times 10(-10)M at 4 degrees C. The binding sites for(More)
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