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Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications – whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution – should be addressed to WHO Press through the WHO web site The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health(More)
BACKGROUND Low haemoglobin concentrations and anaemia are important risk factors for the health and development of women and children. We estimated trends in the distributions of haemoglobin concentration and in the prevalence of anaemia and severe anaemia in young children and pregnant and non-pregnant women between 1995 and 2011. METHODS We obtained(More)
In 2012, the World Health Organization adopted a resolution on maternal, infant and young child nutrition that included a global target to reduce by 40% the number of stunted under-five children by 2025. The target was based on analyses of time series data from 148 countries and national success stories in tackling undernutrition. The global target(More)
Since Keys' first observations in the 1960s, the Mediterranean diet has been under scrutiny by researchers and public health specialists for its health-promoting qualities. Detailed analyses of food surveys carried out in Italy at that time permitted a definition of an Italian-style Mediterranean diet, characterized by low total fat (< 30% of energy), low(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoporosis is a major health problem. It was hypothesized that isoflavone-containing products may be a potential alternative to hormone replacement therapy for preventing bone loss during the menopausal transition. OBJECTIVE The objective was to investigate whether the consumption of isoflavone-enriched foods for 1 y affects bone mineral(More)
We investigated the effects of dietary zinc deficiency on skeletal metabolism in an animal model. Thirty 21-d-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed for 28 d either a zinc-deficient (ZD) diet (1 mg zinc/kg) or a normal diet ad libitum (AL, 50 mg zinc/kg) or in the same quantity as the ZD (pair-fed, PF). Only in the ZD group were general physical signs of(More)
The use of dietary phyto-oestrogens as a possible option for the prevention of osteoporosis has raised considerable interest because of the increased concern about the risks associated with the use of hormone-replacement therapy. However, the evidence in support of a bone-sparing effect in post-menopausal women is still not sufficiently convincing. Most(More)
BACKGROUND The hypocholesterolemic effects of soy foods are well established, and it has been suggested that isoflavones are responsible for this effect. However, beneficial effects of isolated isoflavones on lipid biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk have not yet been shown. OBJECTIVE The objective was to investigate the effects of isolated soy(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess cortisol concentrations in cord blood and investigate their relationships with the IGF system. STUDY DESIGN Fifteen newborns with birth weight appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and 30 children with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) were studied. Serum samples were collected from umbilical cord blood and cortisol, IGF-I and(More)