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BACKGROUND Vitamin D deficiency is very common in elderly people while there are very few reports on its incidence, determinants and metabolic consequences in young subjects. RESULTS In 608 young healthy premenopausal women participating in the BONTURNO study, levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] below 20 ng/ml were found in almost a third of the(More)
Alterations of the collagen matrix, e.g., increased hydroxylation and glycosylation of lysyl residues in collagen I, were found in human osteoporotic bone, and it was suggested that they could alter the mechanical properties of skeleton. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the content of galactosyl-hydroxylysine (GHYL) in bone collagen, as assessed by its(More)
Blood ionized calcium (iCa) is a quantitative trait subject to genetic influence. iCa is maintained in a narrow range through the action of the calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) controlling PTH secretion and calcium excretion. A CASR single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) prevalent in Caucasian populations (A986S) has shown significant association with iCa in a(More)
INTRODUCTION Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the calcium-sensing receptor gene (CASR) encoding the missense substitutions A986S, R990G, and Q1011E have been associated with normal variation in extracellular calcium homeostasis, both individually and in haplotype combination. The aim of this study was to examine haplotype associations in primary(More)
Osteoporosis is currently defined on the basis of the T-score by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Despite its limitations, this definition is applied worldwide. However, the normal values provided by manufacturers may not be fully representative of specific local populations. So far, there are no normative data in the Italian population using Hologic(More)
Administration of a corticosteroid with minor osteopenic effects is considered an effective prevention of glucocorticoid osteoporosis. Deflazacort, an oxazolinic derivative of prednisolone, is reported to be less harmful to cancellous bone mass than other equally effective corticosteroids. However, comparative long-term studies, particularly on trabecular(More)
Bone mineral metabolism and mineralization before and during treatment were studied in 10 girls aged 6.9-8.4 years affected by central precocious puberty and treated with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) leuprolide acetate depot, in order to understand better the consequences of oestrogen deficiency and the reduction of growth hormone(More)
Bone histomorphometry or quantitative histology consists of counting or measuring tissue components: cells, extracellular constituents and microarchitecture. Bone histomorphometry is the only method that allows the measurement of mineralization rate and the study of bone formation at three levels: cell, remodeling unit and tissue levels. It is a useful tool(More)
BACKGROUND Zoledronic acid reduces skeletal-related events in patients with breast cancer, but concerns have been raised about prolonged monthly administration. We assessed the efficacy and safety of a reduced dosing frequency of zoledronic acid in women treated previously with monthly zoledronic acid. METHODS We did this non-inferiority, phase 3 trial in(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied growth rate, bone density, and bone metabolism in patients affected by type I osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) with quantitative defect in type I collagen synthesis during treatment with human growth hormone (hGH), being aware of its collagen-stimulating synthesis activity in vitro. STUDY DESIGN Fourteen patients (6 boys; ages 4.8 to(More)