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Menisci represent fundamental structures for the maintenance of knee homeostasis, playing a key role in knee biomechanics. However, their intrinsic regenerative potential is poor. As a consequence, when a lesion occurs and the meniscus is partially removed by surgery, knee mechanics is subject to dramatic changes. These have been demonstrated to lead often(More)
BACKGROUND The enteric nervous system (ENS) contains chemically coded populations of neurons that serve specific functions for the control of the gastrointestinal tract. The ability of neurons to modify their chemical code in response to luminal changes has recently been discovered. It is possible that enteric neuronal plasticity may sustain the(More)
Although the effects of pig genotype on total-tract apparent digestibility (TTAD) have been widely reported in the literature, there is controversial information on the digestive capacity of indigenous breeds compared with lean-type pigs. The strategy of this study was to test the effects of pig genotype and crude protein (CP) supply on performance,(More)
Research in tissue engineering has been focused on articular cartilage repair for more than a decade. Some pioneristic studies involved the use of hydrogels such as alginate and fibrin glue which still possess valuable potential for cartilage regeneration. One of the main issues in cartilage tissue engineering is represented by the ideal maturation of the(More)
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis of an improved gut environment of post-weaning piglets when administered a blend of essential oils (EO; thymol and cinnamaldehyde) and an enzyme combination (xylanase and β-glucanase (XB)) either alone or in combination. To assess the effect of dietary treatments, faecal nutrient digestibility and microbial(More)
AIM In vitro and in vivo challenge studies were undertaken to develop an in-feed additive of microencapsulated propionic, sorbic acids and pure botanicals to control Campylobacter jejuni in broilers at slaughter age. METHODS AND RESULTS Organic acids (OA) and pure botanicals were tested in vitro against Camp. jejuni, whereas in vivo, chickens were fed(More)
We investigated the effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) on white adipose tissue (WAT) in heavy pigs. Twelve pigs were assigned to 1 of 2 groups supplemented with either 0 or 0.75% of a CLA preparation (isomeric mixture) and were slaughtered at 159 +/- 2.3 kg live weight. Their subcutaneous WAT was analyzed by both chemical and microanatomical(More)
Meniscus repair is a current clinical challenge. Menisci play a fundamental role in knee biomechanics, but they lack intrinsic regenerative properties. Conse quently, when a tear occurs and the meniscus is removed surgically, even partially, crucial changes in knee homeostasis take place, often leading to the development of early osteoarthritis. In recent(More)
The present study evaluated the effects of a novel plant extract (PE) product (GrazixTM) on the performance and gut health of weaned piglets challenged with Escherichia coli. The PE was a standardised mixture of green tea leaves (Camellia sinensis) and pomegranate fruit (Punica granatum) obtained by using the LiveXtract™ process. A total of 144 piglets were(More)
Probiotic research has been approached, above all in recent years, by widely differing points of view, both for human and animal uses. Lactic acid bacteria release bacteriocins, and some of them may function as probiotic. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation with the probiotic Pediococcus acidilactici on the(More)