Francesca Salvaterra

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Bacterial contamination is one of the potential risks of blood salvage and reinfusion during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) because cell-saver machines lack antibacterial protection devices. This study was designed to analyze the potential bacterial contamination of blood salvaged during OLT; a secondary end point was to evaluate whether reinfusion(More)
Portopulmonary hypertension (PPHTN) refers to the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension in the setting of portal hypertension with or without chronic hepatic failure. This syndrome is characterized by marked alternations of pulmonary vascular tone and obstruction of pulmonary arterial blood flow. An increased pulmonary blood flow, which is a(More)
Dental trauma during tracheal intubation mostly happens in case of poor dentition, restricted mouth opening, and/or difficult laryngoscopy. 57-year-old man undergoing laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma had his dental work detached at induction of anesthesia. Oropharyngeal direct view, manual inspection, fibreoptic(More)
Lung transplantation has become a consolidated treatment for patients with severe pulmonary hypertension (PH). Several difficulties are encountered during the procedure in such candidates, who are still recognized as more severely affected by perioperative morbility and mortality than those undergoing lung transplantation for other diseases. Right(More)
BACKGROUND To validate the accuracy of SAPS II, APACHE III and TRISS for the prediction of mortality in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at polytrauma patients admission. The outcome of multiple trauma patients is often linked to the degree of physiologic dysfunction and to the extension of anatomic lesions, the age of the patient and the lesion mechanism. (More)
Infectious complications contribute to significant patient morbidity and mortality in orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) recipients. Early central nervous system (CNS) involvement (within the first month after OLT) by infectious disease is essentially set off by aggressive surgical procedures, severe morbid conditions of the pretransplant period, initial(More)
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has proven to be a safe and effective technique in the treatment of respiratory failure complicating various medical and surgical diseases. In recent years, a growing interest has emerged in its adoption for ventilatory assistance in immunocompromised patients, such as those undergoing bone marrow, liver, lung, cardiac, and(More)
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is often complicated with cerebral edema, intracranial hypertension, and coma. Cytotoxic and vasogenic factors have been recognized in the etiology of cerebral edema. One of the main causes seems to be the accumulation of glutamine in astrocytes, which is produced from ammonia and the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate.(More)
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