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Based on the "lipotoxic" hypothesis, the free fatty acid flux from the excessive amount of adipose tissue toward the peripheral tissues would induce the development of insulin resistance especially when the triglyceride storage or the concentration of intermediate fat metabolites (diacylglycerides, ceramides) within the cytoplasm of these cells become(More)
OBJECTIVE Some obese individuals have normal insulin sensitivity. It is controversial whether this phenotype is associated with increased all-cause mortality risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Fifteen-year all-cause mortality data were obtained through the Regional Health Registry for 2,011 of 2,074 Caucasian middle-aged individuals of the Cremona Study, a(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the effects of intraperitoneal insulin pump therapy on lipoprotein composition and lipolytic enzyme activity in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Ten IDDM patients were studied 3 times: when receiving conventional subcutaneous insulin therapy and at 3 and 9 months from the(More)
OBJECTIVE Perturbations in cardiac energy metabolism might represent early alterations in diabetes preceding functional and pathological changes. We evaluated left ventricular (LV) structure/geometry and function in relation to energy metabolism and cardiovascular risk factors in overweight/obese men using magnetic resonance techniques. RESEARCH DESIGN(More)
Type 2 diabetes is associated with risk of cancer. Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance may be the link with cancer, but whether this is independent of the diabetes status, obesity/visceral obesity and metabolic syndrome is uncertain and the present study wanted to address this issue. Fifteen-year all-cause, CVD and cancer mortality data were obtained(More)
OBJECTIVE Fatty liver may be involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Physical exercise is a tool to improve insulin sensitivity, but little is known about its effect on intrahepatic fat (IHF) content. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of habitual physical activity, insulin resistance, and adiponectin with IHF content. (More)
UNLABELLED A fatty liver, which is a common feature in insulin-resistant states, can lead to chronic liver disease. It has been hypothesized that a fatty liver can also increase the rates of non-hepatic-related morbidity and mortality. Therefore, we wanted to determine whether the fatty liver index (FLI), a surrogate marker and a validated algorithm derived(More)
CONTEXT Serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP-4), leptin, and adiponectin concentrations identify insulin resistance in varied conditions, but their relationships with insulin sensitivity and ectopic fat accumulation are unclear. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to establish how these adipokines are related with intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) and intrahepatic(More)
Fatty liver is characterized by metabolic abnormalities at the liver, but also at skeletal muscle and adipose tissue sites. It is hypothesized that the heart may be suffering metabolic alterations, and this study was undertaken to ascertain whether individuals with fatty liver have left ventricular (LV) alterations of energy metabolism, structure, and(More)
Obese adolescents are at risk of developing NAFLD and type 2 diabetes. We measured noninvasively the IHF content of obese adolescents to ascertain whether it is associated with insulin resistance and abnormal energy homeostasis. IHF content, whole body energy homeostasis, insulin sensitivity, and body composition were measured using localized hepatic(More)