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Based on the "lipotoxic" hypothesis, the free fatty acid flux from the excessive amount of adipose tissue toward the peripheral tissues would induce the development of insulin resistance especially when the triglyceride storage or the concentration of intermediate fat metabolites (diacylglycerides, ceramides) within the cytoplasm of these cells become(More)
OBJECTIVE Some obese individuals have normal insulin sensitivity. It is controversial whether this phenotype is associated with increased all-cause mortality risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Fifteen-year all-cause mortality data were obtained through the Regional Health Registry for 2,011 of 2,074 Caucasian middle-aged individuals of the Cremona Study, a(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the effects of intraperitoneal insulin pump therapy on lipoprotein composition and lipolytic enzyme activity in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Ten IDDM patients were studied 3 times: when receiving conventional subcutaneous insulin therapy and at 3 and 9 months from the(More)
OBJECTIVE Fatty liver may be involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Physical exercise is a tool to improve insulin sensitivity, but little is known about its effect on intrahepatic fat (IHF) content. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of habitual physical activity, insulin resistance, and adiponectin with IHF content. (More)
Obese adolescents are at risk of developing NAFLD and type 2 diabetes. We measured noninvasively the IHF content of obese adolescents to ascertain whether it is associated with insulin resistance and abnormal energy homeostasis. IHF content, whole body energy homeostasis, insulin sensitivity, and body composition were measured using localized hepatic(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Intramyocellular lipid accumulation and insulin resistance are thought to be due to reduced lipid oxidation in a human model of high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. METHODS We studied 32 offspring of type 2 diabetic parents and 32 control individuals by means of DXA, indirect calorimetry, insulin clamp and 1H MRS of the calf muscles,(More)
Fatty liver is characterized by metabolic abnormalities at the liver, but also at skeletal muscle and adipose tissue sites. It is hypothesized that the heart may be suffering metabolic alterations, and this study was undertaken to ascertain whether individuals with fatty liver have left ventricular (LV) alterations of energy metabolism, structure, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Trimetazidine may have beneficial effects on left ventricular (LV) function in patients with systolic heart failure. The authors assessed whether long-term addition of trimetazidine to conventional treatment could improve, along with LV function, resting whole body energy metabolism in patients with chronic systolic heart failure. DESIGN Single(More)
UNLABELLED A fatty liver, which is a common feature in insulin-resistant states, can lead to chronic liver disease. It has been hypothesized that a fatty liver can also increase the rates of non-hepatic-related morbidity and mortality. Therefore, we wanted to determine whether the fatty liver index (FLI), a surrogate marker and a validated algorithm derived(More)
OBJECTIVE Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2) is a chemokine involved into the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and has prognostic value in the acute and chronic phases in patients with acute coronary syndromes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS MCP-1/CCL2 concentration was measured in plasma fractions of 363 middle-aged overweight/obese individuals(More)