Francesca Raffaelli

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There are many evidences suggesting that oxidative stress is one of the earliest events in Alzheimer disease (AD) pathogenesis and plays a key role in the development of the AD pathology. The existence of substantial gender-related differences in the clinical features of AD has been recently confirmed (i.e. pathophysiologic features and epidemiologic(More)
It has been suggested that oxidative stress may play a role in the pathogenesis of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), but the literature reports somewhat contradictory results. To further investigate the issue, we evaluated a high number of peripheral oxidative stress parameters, and some related issues such as erythrocyte membrane functional features and(More)
The goal of this research was to investigate the effects of 3 weeks consumption of 50 g flavonoid-rich dark chocolate on lipoprotein oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo in 25 women compared to 25 men. Levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, conjugated dienes and hydroperoxide levels in HDL and LDL before and after consumption of dark chocolate(More)
Production of reactive oxygen species after cerebral blood flow disruption may enhance tissue damage through multiple molecular pathways. Changes in nitric oxide (NO) metabolism and oxidative stress status were investigated in 47 patients with ischemic stroke by measuring plasma nitric oxide (NO) and peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) levels.A correlation was sought(More)
BACKGROUND In highly copy number variable (CNV) regions such as the human defensin gene locus, comprehensive assessment of sequence variations is challenging. PCR approaches are practically restricted to tiny fractions, and next-generation sequencing (NGS) approaches of whole individual genomes e.g. by the 1000 Genomes Project is confined by an affordable(More)
Stroke is a consequence of a reduction in cerebral blood flow but the mechanisms involved in the production of ischemic damage are complex and probably not fully known. It is hypothesized that alterations in platelet membrane fluidity are directly related to the severity of the stroke as measured by the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS).(More)
The branching ratio for the decay K + → π + ν ¯ ν is sensitive to new physics; the NA62 experiment will measure it to within about 10%. To reject the dominant background from channels with final state photons, the large-angle vetoes (LAVs) must detect particles with better than 1 ns time resolution and 10% energy resolution over a very large energy range.(More)
Stroke is a heterogeneous syndrome caused by multiple disease mechanisms, resulting in a disruption of cerebral blood flow with subsequent tissue damage. It is well known that erythrocytes have a large amount of sialic acid and could represent a model to investigate changes occurring in a pathology like stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate a(More)
The BaBar Drift Chamber is now under construction. We review its design, the progress in the construction of the components, the plan for assembly and stringing and we present test results obtained with a prototype exposed at SLAC to cosmic rays. We also report on projected dE/dx performance from beam tests done with a chamber with a different cell design.(More)
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