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Over the last few years we have reproduced all of the key morphological and biochemical features of human subacute combined degeneration in the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system of rats made cobalamin-deficient by means of total gastrectomy or a chronic cobalamin-deficient diet. We have also recently clarified the pathogenesis of(More)
We have recently demonstrated that the myelinolytic lesions in the spinal cord (SC) of rats made deficient in vitamin B(12) (cobalamin) (Cbl) through total gastrectomy (TG) are tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-mediated. We investigate whether or not permanent Cbl deficiency, induced in the rat either through TG or by chronic feeding of a(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the repeated intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) microinjection of interleukin-6 (IL-6) prevented the myelinolytic lesions of cobalamin-deficient (Cbl-D) central neuropathy [or subacute combined degeneration (SCD)] in totally gastrectomized (TGX) rats. We therefore hypothesized that cobalamin (Cbl) may actually regulate(More)
Repeated intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.)microinjection of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) into normal rats causes intramyelin and interstitial edema in the white matter of the spinal cord (SC). This response is identical to that observed in the SC white matter of rats made cobalamin (Cbl) deficient by total gastrectomy (TG). Immunoblot analysis(More)
In order to get further evidence for a mandatory involvement of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in the neutrophic action of vitamin B12 (cobalamin (Cbl)) in the central nervous system (CNS) of the rat, we observed the effects of repeated intracerebroventricular (ICV) microinjections of EGF in rats made Cbl-deficient through total gastrectomy. Morphometric(More)
In the present study, we have evaluated the induction of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity in rat liver after acute in vivo administration of different hepatocarcinogens, and correlated the ODC activity peaks with the accumulation of the three ODC-related mRNA species in rat liver at different times after the intraperitoneal injection of different(More)
We have demonstrated previously that chronic vitamin B12 [cobalamin (Cbl)] deficiency preferentially affects glial cells in the rat central nervous system (CNS) and severely affects peripheral glial cells independently of and concomitantly with the central neuropathy. In this study, we determined the mRNA levels for myelin basic protein (MBP) and glial(More)
In the present study, we hypothesized that cobalamin (Cbl) deficiency might affect astrocytes and oligodendrocytes of rat spinal cord (SC) differently. Radiolabeled Cbl ([Cyano-14C]cyano-Cbl) was used to investigate whether the in vitro uptake of Cbl is different in primary cultures of oligodendrocytes and astrocytes. In culture medium supplemented with(More)
Severe permanent cobalamin (Cbl) deficiency was induced in rats either by total gastrectomy (TG) or through prolonged dietary Cbl deprivation. This paper deals with an ultrastructural investigation of different parts of the central nervous system (CNS) of rats made Cbl-deficient through one of these of two procedures. In both totally gastrectomized (TGX)(More)
The totally gastrectomized (TGX) rat is a new experimental model for studying the pathogenesis of cobalamin (Cbl)-deficient myelopathy, i.e., subacute combined degeneration, total gastrectomy (TG) serving as a surgical paradigm of human pernicious anemia. We determined the serum levels of some biochemical indicators of Cbl deficiency in TGX rats at 2 to 10(More)