Francesca Porcellati

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To compare the pharmacokinetics/dynamics of the long-acting insulin analog glargine with NPH, ultralente, and continuous subcutaneous (SC) infusion of insulin lispro (continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion [CSII]), 20 C-peptide-negative type 1 diabetic patients were studied on four occasions during an isoglycemic 24-h clamp. Patients received SC injection(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of insulin analogs glargine and detemir, 24 subjects with type 1 diabetes (aged 38 +/- 10 years, BMI 22.4 +/- 1.6 kg/m2, and A1C 7.2 +/- 0.7%) were studied after a 2-week treatment with either glargine or detemir once daily (randomized, double-blind, crossover study). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Physical activity is a modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes, partly through its action on insulin sensitivity. We report the relation between insulin sensitivity and physical activity measured by accelerometry. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This is a cross-sectional study of 346 men and 455 women, aged 30-60 years, without cardiovascular(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate concentration of plasma insulin glargine after its subcutaneous dosing compared with concentration of its metabolites 1 (M1) and 2 (M2) in subjects with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Nine subjects underwent a 32-h euglycemic glucose clamp study (0.4 units/kg glargine after 1 week of daily glargine administration).(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish differences in blood glucose between different regimens of optimized basal insulin substitution in type 1 diabetic patients given lispro insulin at meals, i.e., NPH injected four times a day versus glargine insulin once daily at dinner or at bedtime. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 51 patients with type 1 diabetes on(More)
To assess whether a therapeutic, subcutaneous injection of insulin exerts hemodynamic effects in subjects with IDDM, 0.2 U/kg regular insulin was injected subcutaneously in 17 IDDM subjects: 6 without autonomic neuropathy, 7 with autonomic neuropathy and othostatic hypotension, and 4 with autonomic neuropathy but without orthostatic hypotension. Plasma(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS After subcutaneous injection insulin glargine is rapidly metabolized to M1 and M2. In vitro, both M1 and M2 have metabolic effects and bind to IGF-1R similarly to human insulin, whereas glargine exhibits a higher affinity for the IGF-1R and greater mitogenetic effects. The present study was specifically designed to establish the(More)
OBJECTIVE The acylated long-acting insulin analog detemir is more lipophilic than human insulin and likely crosses the blood-to-brain barrier more easily than does human insulin. The aim of these studies was to assess the brain/hypothalamus responses to euglycemia and hypoglycemia in humans during intravenous infusion of equipotent doses of detemir and(More)
AIMS This randomized, multi-centre, double-blind, stratified, two period, cross-over trial was undertaken to assess the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of insulin aspart injected immediately before compared with regular human insulin injected 30 min before a Mediterranean-style meal in 37 (23 M, 14 F) patients with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS Insulin(More)
The modern goals of insulin replacement in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1, T2DM) are A1C <6.5% long-term, and prevention of hypoglycaemia (blood glucose, BG <70 mg/dl). In addition to appropriate education and motivation of diabetic subjects, the use of rapid- and long-acting insulin analogues, is critical to achieve these goals. The benefits of(More)