Francesca Pizzolo

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BACKGROUND The delta-5 and delta-6 desaturases, encoded by FADS1 and FADS2 genes, are key enzymes in polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolism that catalyze the conversion of linoleic acid (LA) into arachidonic acid (AA) and that of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) into eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FADS1 and FADS2 have(More)
CONTEXT Primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most frequent form of secondary hypertension, accounting for up to 5-10% of all hypertensive patients, and the diagnosis of PA can present an important challenge for the clinician. After a positive screening test, the diagnosis is confirmed by a suppression test, often an iv saline load test (SLT) or a(More)
BACKGROUND Lower activity of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (11beta-HSD2) classically induces hypertension by leading to an altered tetrahydrocortisol- versus tetrahydrocortisone-metabolites (THFs/THE) shuttle. Recent cell culture and animal studies suggest a role for promoter methylation, a major epigenetic feature of DNA, in regulation of HSD11B2(More)
The metabolic syndrome, clinically defined by the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) (1), affects 25% of western adults (2). The metabolic syndrome is closely linked to insulin resist ance and impl i e s an increased cardiovascular risk (3,4). Accumulating evidence suggests a link between body iron excess and insulin metabolism (5). Studies have shown an(More)
High plasma concentrations of triglycerides (TG) and apolipoprotein C-III (ApoC-III) are well-known risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Two variants of the recently discovered APOA5, 1131 C>T and S19W, have been associated with hypertriglyceridemia, whereas their relation with coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. Nine hundred and(More)
Several polymorphisms in the apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) gene have been associated with hypertriglyceridemia, but the link with coronary artery disease risk is still controversial. In particular, apoC-III promoter sequence variants in the insulin responsive element (IRE), constitutively resistant to downregulation by insulin, have never been(More)
BACKGROUND Relative little attention has been devoted until now to the combined effects of gene polymorphisms of the hemostatic pathway as risk factors for Myocardial Infarction (MI), the main thrombotic complication of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of ten common prothrombotic polymorphisms as a(More)
In this study, we investigate the influence of three factor VII (FVII) gene polymorphisms on activated FVII levels (FVIIa), and also on the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with advanced coronary atherosclerotic disease (CAD). The -323A2 allele in the promoter is known to be associated with low FVII levels, and has been suggested to protect(More)
BACKGROUND Increased oxidative stress is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of the atherothrombotic process. Paraoxonases (PONs) are closely related antioxidant enzymes encoded by clustered genes on chromosome 7q. We evaluated three PON polymorphisms (PON1 Leu55Met and Gln192Arg; PON2 Ser311Cys) as possible risk factors for coronary atherosclerotic(More)
BACKGROUND Global DNA hypomethylation is an early molecular event in carcinogenesis. Whether methylation measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) DNA is a clinically reliable biomarker for early detection or cancer risk assessment is to be established. METHODS From an original sample-set of 753 male and female adults (ages 64.8 ± 7.3 years),(More)