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Neuroendocrine (NE) features are detectable in carcinomas of the breast either as scattered cells immunoreactive for NE markers in carcinoma of the usual type (NOS), or as special type of tumors where the vast majority of the cells display NE characteristics. The former type of lesions, whose biological and diagnostic significance is not clear yet, might(More)
The authors report on the cytologic features of six cases of poorly differentiated "insular" carcinoma (IC) of the thyroid, a recently described variety of thyroid tumor intermediate between well-differentiated and anaplastic neoplasms. It is characterized by trabecular and/or alveolar growth patterns, merging with follicular areas, and by the absence of(More)
  • P. Brusa, F. Pietribiasi, +5 authors L. Cattel
  • 1989
A blocked immunotoxin, consisting of ricin and AR-3 monoclonal antibody joined by a short thioether bond, was previously synthesized. This conjugate had lost the ability to bind the galactosidic residues of Sepharose 6B, probably because of the steric restraint of the antibody molecule on the ricin B chain. In in vitro assays immunotoxin was active only on(More)
Immunological markers improve specificity and accuracy of cell detection, therefore it is important to evaluate their usefulness in improving standard histological procedures. This study investigates whether immunocytochemical techniques increase the accuracy of detection, in axillary lymph nodes, of metastatic cells from infiltrating breast lobular(More)
The cytoskeleton, the shape, and the adhesion complexes of MCF-7 breast carcinoma cells have been studied by fluorescence, phase contrast, and interference reflection microscopy. Cells have been grown in media containing different concentrations of estrogen and with or without the addition of the antiestrogen tamoxifen. The pattern of actin microfilaments(More)
Metastasis to the breast from extramammary malignancies are rare especially from ovarian carcinoma. We report a case of a 72-year-old woman with a mass in the right ovary and a lump in the left breast together with axillary lymph node enlargement. Both the ovarian and mammary neoplasms were found to be papillary carcinoma with similar immunohistochemical(More)
BACKGROUND The primary objectives of this study on carcinomas with equivocal HER2 expression were to assess the impact of distinct recommendations with regard to identifying patients eligible for anti-HER2 agents by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and to elucidate whether multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) may be of support in(More)
The cytosolic levels of pS2, an estrogen-regulated protein, were measured in 100 cases of primary breast cancer and related to several conventional histological and biochemical prognostic factors. The data were statistically analyzed on the basis of two different cutoff point for pS2: 4 and 11 ng/mg of cytosolic proteins. pS2 positivity (cutoff 11 ng/mg)(More)
Neuroendocrine (NE) features characterize a minority of carcinomas of the breast corresponding to definite subtypes, which cover a wide spectrum of differentiation. Breast metastases from NE tumours of gastrointestinal origin are not rare, and to determine whether NE carcinomas in the breast could be differentiated from other tumours on fine needle(More)