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Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937 synthesizes an exopolysaccharide (EPS) composed of rhamnose, galactose, and galacturonic acid. Fourteen transcriptional fusions in genes required for EPS synthesis, named eps, were obtained by Tn5-B21 mutagenesis. Eleven of them are clustered on the chromosome and are repressed by PecT, a regulator of pectate lyase synthesis. In(More)
The incidence of spontaneous puberty in Turner's syndrome is reported to be between 5-10% and, more recently in some series, as high as 20%. In an Italian retrospective multicenter study, of 522 patients older than 12 yr with Turner's syndrome, 84 patients (16, 1%) presented spontaneous pubertal development with menarche that occurred at a chronological age(More)
Final height of 4 patients with Noonan syndrome and short stature treated with growth hormone (GH) is reported. Four prepubertal girls (chronological age 12.3-15.1 years, bone age 11.0-11.5 years) were treated with recombinant human growth hormone (0.5 IU/kg/week s.c.) for at least 3 years. Stimulated GH secretion was normal, spontaneous nocturnal GH(More)
The JAK/STAT pathway is altered in T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia. In all patients, leukemic LGLs display upregulation of phosphorylated STAT3 (P-STAT3) that activates expression of many antiapoptotic genes. To investigate the mechanisms maintaining STAT3 aberrantly phosphorylated using transcriptional protein and functional assays, we analyzed(More)
To evaluate whether girls with premature thelarche progress to central precocious puberty (CPP) and to analyze their clinical and hormonal characteristics, we retrospectively examined 100 girls with premature thelarche who were followed for several years. Fourteen of the patients with characteristics diagnostic of premature thelarche (isolated breast(More)
Growth hormone (GH), alone or in combination with anabolic steroids, seems to improve the growth rate in Turner syndrome, but to exert a less striking effect on the final height (FH). Reports on the FH usually lack a control group, and the GH effect is determined using the gain in centimeters over projected height. Out of a cohort of 32 Turner syndrome(More)
The demonstration of intrathecal IgG synthesis has been used as an important laboratory parameter to support the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The Committee for European Concerted Action for Multiple Sclerosis has recommended a protocol for the assessment of intrathecal IgG synthesis. We applied this methodology to determine the cerebrospinal (CSF)(More)
Fifteen girls with Turner syndrome (TS) were submitted to GH secretion assessment before undergoing hGH therapy. In the first 9 months, hGH was given at a dose of 0.5 IU/kg/week s.c. daily; afterward, the dose was increased to 1 IU/kg/week s.c. daily. The girls were prepubertal, with a mean (SD) chronological age (CA) of 12.5 (2.6) years, and a mean (SD)(More)
A double-blind clinical trial of vincamine hydrochloride and a known dihydrogenated ergotoxine derivative, administered i.m. for 10 days, was conducted on 2 groups of 10 hospitalised cerebrovascular patients. Hemiplegia was evaluated prior to treatment and on its 5th and 10th day, by a scoring system. Statistical assessment of the results and the clinical(More)