Francesca Munari

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alpha-Synuclein (alphasyn) fibril formation is considered a central event in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). In recent years, it has been proposed that prefibrillar annular oligomeric beta-sheet-rich species, called protofibrils, rather than fibrils themselves, may be the neurotoxic species. The oxidation products of dopamine (DAQ) can inhibit(More)
The prion protein (PrP) is currently one of the most studied molecules in the neurosciences. It is the main cause of a group of neurological diseases collectively called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies that severely affect both humans and a variety of mammals. Much effort has been directed to understanding the molecular basis of PrP activity, both(More)
Binding of heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) to the histone H3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) mark is a hallmark of establishment and maintenance of heterochromatin. Although genetic and cell biological aspects have been elucidated, the molecular details of HP1 binding to H3K9me3 nucleosomes are unknown. Using a combination of NMR spectroscopy and(More)
Paramagnetic effects provide unique information about the structure and dynamics of biomolecules. We developed a method in which the lanthanoid tag is not directly attached to the protein of interest, but instead to a "reporter" protein, which binds and then transmits paramagnetic information to the target. The designed method allows access to a large(More)
The precursor mRNA (pre-mRNA) retention and splicing (RES) complex is a spliceosomal complex that is present in yeast and humans and is important for RNA splicing and retention of unspliced pre-mRNA. Here, we present the solution NMR structure of the RES core complex from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Complex formation leads to an intricate folding of three(More)
As essential components of the molecular machine assembling heterochromatin in eukaryotes, HP1 (Heterochromatin Protein 1) proteins are key regulators of genome function. While several high-resolution structures of the two globular regions of HP1, chromo and chromoshadow domains, in their free form or in complex with recognition-motif peptides are(More)
Proteins are structurally dynamic molecules that perform specialized functions through unique conformational changes accessible in physiological environments. An ability to specifically and selectively control protein function via conformational modulation is an important goal for development of novel therapeutics and studies of protein mechanism in(More)
Tim23 mediates protein translocation into mitochondria. Although inserted into the inner membrane, the dynamic association of its intermembrane space (IMS) domain with the outer membrane promotes protein import. However, little is known about the molecular basis of this interaction. Here, we demonstrate that the IMS domain of Tim23 tightly associates with(More)
Familial and idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with the abnormal neuronal accumulation of α-synuclein (aS) leading to β-sheet-rich aggregates called Lewy Bodies (LBs). Moreover, single point mutation in aS gene and gene multiplication lead to autosomal dominant forms of PD. A connection between PD and the 14-3-3 chaperone-like proteins was(More)
Time is of the essence: The rotational motion of biomolecules depends on intra- and intermolecular interactions and thus on distinct functional states. A new method, called HYCUD accurately predicts rotational correlation times in complex dynamic systems. It gives insights into the motional behavior of multidomain proteins in their free form and in(More)