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OBJECTIVE To evaluate L-arginine (L-Arg) supplementation in pregnant women with chronic hypertension and its effects on blood pressure (BP) and maternal and neonatal complications. METHODS We enrolled 80 women affected by mild chronic hypertension referred to the High Risk Clinic of the Mother-Infant Department of the University of Modena and Reggio(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aims to assess the frequency of fetal bacterial infections in stillbirth (SB) and to evaluate the best samples for the diagnosis of infection-related SB. STUDY DESIGN Consecutive cases of antepartum SB were enrolled. Vaginal and placental swabs, as well as heart blood cultures and surface swabs from the neonate, were collected.(More)
BACKGROUND The cesarean section rate has increased worldwide over the past 20 years; in Italy, it is now more than 35 percent. Although clinical factors are important, the attitudes of health practitioners toward cesarean section need further investigation to correctly identify facilitators and barriers to changes. The objective of this study was to explore(More)
We compared the effects of ritodrine and atosiban treatments on fetal cardiovascular behavior by computerized nonstress test (c-NST) analysis. Women diagnosed with preterm labor were randomized to receive either atosiban or ritodrine. A c-NST was performed at least 12 hours after the last corticosteroid administration. Differences in fetal cardiovascular(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate maternal thrombophilia in cases of Stillbirth (SB), also an uncertain topic because most case series were not characterised for cause/associated conditions of death. STUDY DESIGN In a consecutive, prospective, multicentre design, maternal DNA was obtained in 171 cases of antenatal SB and 326 controls (uneventful pregnancy at term,(More)
The availability of published data from organized cervical screening programmes in southern Europe is scant. In the Italian area of Romagna, a first round of organized screening (based on a 3-yearly Pap smear for women aged 25-64 years) was initiated between December 1995 and January 1997 and was completed in an average of 42 months (range 36-48 months).(More)
AIM Pharmacological labor induction is obtained through intracervical/vaginal prostaglandins and/or oxytocin infusion; however, the use of these agents produces fetal and maternal side effects. Traditional Chinese medicine advocates the use of acupuncture to soften the cervix and induce uterine contractions. The aim of the present study is to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state that is caused by antiphospholipid antibodies. Anticardiolipin antibodies, anti-β2 glycoprotein-I, and lupus anticoagulant are the main autoantibodies found in antiphospholipid syndrome. Despite the amassed body of clinical knowledge, the risk of obstetric complications that are(More)
In literature, there is a paucity of information about the management of the subsequent pregnancy after stillbirth (SB). we undertook a systematic review of the literature focusing on the evidence for antenatal interventions with the potential to prevent SB and we try to summarise the management of the pregnancy subsequent to a SB. The diverse interventions(More)