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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the yield, economic, and radiation costs of 5 diagnostic algorithms compared with a protocol where all tests are performed (ultrasonography scan, cystography, and late technetium(99)dimercaptosuccinic acid scan) in children after the first febrile urinary tract infections. METHODS A total of 304 children, 2 to 36 months of age, who(More)
Renal transplantation has long been recognised as the gold standard treatment for children with end-stage renal failure. There has been an improvement over the years in patient and renal allograft survival because of improved immunosuppression, surgical techniques and living kidney donation. Despite reduced acute allograft rejection rates, non-viral(More)
The optimal therapeutic regimen for managing childhood idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) is still under debate. We have evaluated the choice of steroid regimen and of symptomatic treatment adopted by pediatricians and pediatric nephrologists in a large number of centers as the first step towards establishing a shared protocol This was a multicenter,(More)
Infants with chronic renal failure (CRF) are at high risk of experiencing severe growth retardation. We report a study of 12 infants with CRF who have been treated with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) since the age of 0.5 ± 0.3 years. A control group comprised 15 infants with less severe CRF who were being treated during the same period, but who did(More)
The identification of Y-chromosome material is important in females with Ullrich-Turner syndrome (UTS) due to the risk of developing gonadoblastoma or other gonadal tumors. There is controversy regarding the frequency of the Y-chromosome-derived material and the occurrence of gonadoblastoma in these patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate a large(More)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) are early markers. The aims of this study were to evaluate (1) LVH and LVDD, using both conventional echocardiographic evaluation and Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI), and(More)
BACKGROUND Growth retardation in paediatric end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has a serious impact on adult life. It is potentially treatable with recombinant growth hormone (rGH). In this study, we aimed to quantify the variation in rGH policies and actual provided care in these patients across Europe. METHODS Renal registry representatives of 38 European(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this article was to evaluate otological diseases in 173 patients (pts) with Turner syndrome (TS). STUDY DESIGN One hundred and seventy-three pts, mean chronological age (CA) 12+/-6.2 yr. Patients were submitted to different therapies: GH, estrogen therapy (EE), no therapy (no tx). Seventy-nine pts (CA 11 yr) had no otological(More)
Hypomelanosis of Ito (incontinentia pigmenti type I) was first described as a disorder characterized by unusual unilateral or bilateral cutaneous macular hypopigmented whorls, streaks and patches. Subsequently, neurologic, skeletal and ocular involvement were described. Kidney involvement has been reported only exceptionally. Here, we describe the case of a(More)
Recent studies in adult chronic kidney disease (CKD) suggest that metabolic acidosis is associated with faster decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Alkali therapies improve the course of kidney disease. Here we investigated the prevalence and determinants of abnormal serum bicarbonate values and whether metabolic acidosis may be(More)