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When oxygen supply to tissues is limiting, mitochondrial respiration and ATP production are compromised. To assess the bioenergetic consequences under normoxia and hypoxia, quantitative evaluation of mitochondrial oxygen kinetics is required. Using high-resolution respirometry, the "apparent K (m)" for oxygen or p (50) of respiration in 32D cells was(More)
Neuroglobin (Ngb) is a globin expressed in the nervous system of humans and other organisms that is involved in the protection of the brain from ischemic damage. Despite considerable interest, however, the in vivo function of Ngb is still a conundrum. In this paper we report a number of kinetic experiments with O2 and NO that we have interpreted on the(More)
Breast cancer cells can survive and proliferate under harsh conditions of nutrient deprivation, including limited oxygen and glucose availability. We hypothesized that such environments trigger metabolic adaptations of mitochondria, which promote tumor progression. Here, we mimicked aglycemia and hypoxia in vitro and compared the mitochondrial and cellular(More)
The flavodiiron proteins (FDP) are widespread among strict or facultative anaerobic prokaryotes, where they are involved in the response to nitrosative and/or oxidative stress. Unexpectedly, FDPs were fairly recently identified in a restricted group of microaerobic protozoa, including Giardia intestinalis, the causative agent of the human infectious disease(More)
The kinetics and stoichiometry of the redox-linked protonation of the soluble Paracoccus denitrificans cytochrome c oxidase were investigated at pH = 7.2-7.5 by multiwavelength stopped-flow spectroscopy, using the pH indicator phenol red. We compared the wild-type enzyme with the K354M and the D124N subunit I mutants, in which the K- and D-proton-conducting(More)
Recently, immunohistochemical analysis of myoglobin (MB) in human breast cancer specimens has revealed a surprisingly widespread expression of MB in this nonmuscle context. The positive correlation with hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF-2α) and carbonic anhydrase IX suggested that oxygen regulates myoglobin expression in breast carcinomas. Here, we report(More)
In recent studies on heme-copper oxidases a particular glutamate residue in subunit II has been suggested to constitute the entry point of the so-called K pathway. In contrast, mutations of this residue (E78(II)) in the Paracoccus denitrificans cytochrome c oxidase do not affect its catalytic activity at all (E78(II)Q) or reduce it to about 50% (E78(II)A);(More)
In strict or facultative anaerobic microorganisms, the flavodiiron proteins (FDP) have been recognized to take part in the response mechanism to both nitrosative and oxidative stress. Their function consists of the reduction of nitric oxide and/or oxygen at the diiron center, and specificity for one substrate or the other appears to be characteristic of the(More)