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The microbiome plays an important role in lipid metabolism but how the introduction of probiotic communities affects host lipid metabolism is poorly understood. Using a multidisciplinary approach we addressed this knowledge gap using the zebrafish model by coupling high-throughput sequencing with biochemical, molecular and morphological analysis to evaluate(More)
New born guppies, Poecilia reticulata, were exposed to a sublethal concentration of nonylphenol (NP) for 90 days, with the aim of evaluating the influence that this pollutant has on reproductive functions. At the end of treatment, the gender balance was significantly biased towards females (sex ratio = 0.3 males per female). Treated males displayed(More)
In this study, the effects of probiotic administration on zebrafish Danio rerio intestinal innate immunity and hepatic stress were evaluated. Zebrafish adults were treated for 10 days with the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus IMC 501(®). To assess the effects at the molecular level, the mRNA levels of genes involved in the innate immune system, stress(More)
Public concerns on phthalates distributions in the environment have been increasing since they can cause liver cancer, structural abnormalities and reduce sperm counts in male reproductive system. However, few data are actually available on the effects of Di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP) in female reproductive system. The aim of this study was to assess(More)
Several complex processes are involved in the production of viable eggs. The aim of this review is to provide an overview on the role played by lysosomal enzymes, especially cathepsins B, D, and L, during ovarian follicle growth and maturation. Specific attention is focused on the relationship between the second proteolytic cleavage of yolk proteins (YP)(More)
The antagonistic and/or synergistic effects of different chemical compounds were examined in the marine teleost, Gobius niger, by testing a series of biomarkers involved in fish reproduction. Among the biomarkers analysed, vitellogenin (VTG) and zona radiata proteins (ZRP) are key molecules involved in reproduction, widely used to detect the presence of(More)
Anthropogenic chemicals in the aquatic environment are known to cause reproductive disturbances in vertebrate and invertebrate organisms by interfering with the endocrine systems. Large efforts have recently been devoted to dissect the mechanisms of action of xenobiotics in aquatic species, with the ultimate aim of detecting and controlling the effects of(More)
Numerous studies have described the presence of an intragonadal IGF system involved in regulation of gametogenesis in teleost fish. In the present study, the in vivo effects of estradiol-17beta (E2) and growth hormone (GH) exposure on IGF-I, IGF-II, IGF1R, and IGFBP2 gene expression in sea bream ovary were monitored by RT-PCR during prereproductive and(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of nonylphenol (NP), an environmental pollutant known to have estrogenic activity, on grey mullets. Juvenile and adult physiology was monitored by the expression of vitellogenin (VTG), which is commonly induced by estrogenic pollutants, and cytochrome P4501A1(CYP1A1) as a first signal of detoxification.(More)
A variety of antropogenic compounds that have an estrogenic effect, and are known to be present in the environment, shows a significant potential for interference with the health and reproduction of both wildlife and humans. In this review, the effect of estrogenic and antiestrogenic chemicals with widely divergent potencies-nonylphenol (NP), which acts by(More)