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Public concerns on phthalates distributions in the environment have been increasing since they can cause liver cancer, structural abnormalities and reduce sperm counts in male reproductive system. However, few data are actually available on the effects of Di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP) in female reproductive system. The aim of this study was to assess(More)
The microbiome plays an important role in lipid metabolism but how the introduction of probiotic communities affects host lipid metabolism is poorly understood. Using a multidisciplinary approach we addressed this knowledge gap using the zebrafish model by coupling high-throughput sequencing with biochemical, molecular and morphological analysis to evaluate(More)
The present work aimed to determine whether GnRH potentiates the effect of growth hormone (GH) on insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and IGF-II) hepatic gene expression in Sparus aurata liver. Since several hepatic genes were shown to underlie direct regulation via the hepatic estrogen receptor, another aim was to extend our understanding of direct estrogen(More)
New born guppies, Poecilia reticulata, were exposed to a sublethal concentration of nonylphenol (NP) for 90 days, with the aim of evaluating the influence that this pollutant has on reproductive functions. At the end of treatment, the gender balance was significantly biased towards females (sex ratio = 0.3 males per female). Treated males displayed(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of nonylphenol (NP), an environmental pollutant known to have estrogenic activity, on grey mullets. Juvenile and adult physiology was monitored by the expression of vitellogenin (VTG), which is commonly induced by estrogenic pollutants, and cytochrome P4501A1(CYP1A1) as a first signal of detoxification.(More)
In this study, the effects of probiotic administration on zebrafish Danio rerio intestinal innate immunity and hepatic stress were evaluated. Zebrafish adults were treated for 10 days with the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus IMC 501(®). To assess the effects at the molecular level, the mRNA levels of genes involved in the innate immune system, stress(More)
Several complex processes are involved in the production of viable eggs. The aim of this review is to provide an overview on the role played by lysosomal enzymes, especially cathepsins B, D, and L, during ovarian follicle growth and maturation. Specific attention is focused on the relationship between the second proteolytic cleavage of yolk proteins (YP)(More)
Anthropogenic chemicals in the aquatic environment are known to cause reproductive disturbances in vertebrate and invertebrate organisms by interfering with the endocrine systems. Large efforts have recently been devoted to dissect the mechanisms of action of xenobiotics in aquatic species, with the ultimate aim of detecting and controlling the effects of(More)
The antagonistic and/or synergistic effects of different chemical compounds were examined in the marine teleost, Gobius niger, by testing a series of biomarkers involved in fish reproduction. Among the biomarkers analysed, vitellogenin (VTG) and zona radiata proteins (ZRP) are key molecules involved in reproduction, widely used to detect the presence of(More)
In the last years the concern about the negative effects of phthalates on reproduction significantly increased. Considering that, at date data available dealing with the adverse outcome of Di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP) on the reproduction of several species are still contrasting, in this study, the effects induced by DEHP (0.05, 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 nM)(More)