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OBJECTIVES SCN1A mutations were recently reported in several patients with severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SMEI). The authors analyzed SCN1A mutations in 93 patients with SMEI and made genotype-phenotype correlation to clarify the role of this gene in the etiology of SMEI. METHODS All patients fulfilled the criteria for SMEI. The authors analyzed(More)
We describe four patients affected by chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) in a pure motor form. Selective involvement of motor fibers was suggested by the absence of sensory symptoms, normal sensation at neurological examination and normal findings on electrophysiological testing of sensory fibres and sural nerve biopsy. The onset of(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify cryptic chromosomal deletions involving SCN1A in patients with severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI). METHODS Thirty-nine patients with SMEI and without SCN1A point mutations and their parents were typed with 14 intragenic SCN1A polymorphisms to identify hemizygosity. The parental origin and the extent of genomic deletions were(More)
Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is a rare condition caused by mutations of the transthyretin (TTR) gene and it is generally characterized by a length-dependent polyneuropathy affecting prevalently the small fibers. We reviewed clinical, electrophysiological and pathological findings of 15 unrelated patients with genetically confirmed TTR-FAP. All(More)
Myoclonus has different clinical and neurophysiological features in patients with Unverricht-Lundborg (ULD) and Lafora body disease (LBD), probably because of a different cortical hyperexcitability profile. To investigate the role of intracortical inhibition in such different presentations, we used paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in ten(More)
PURPOSE Benign familial infantile seizures (BFIS) is a genetically heterogeneous condition characterized by partial seizures, onset age from 3 to 9 months, and favorable outcome. BFIS loci were identified on chromosomes 19q12-13.1 and 16p12-q12, allelic to infantile convulsions and choreathetosis. The identification of SCN2A mutations in families with only(More)
Sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (SALS) is a motor neuron degenerative disease of unknown etiology. Current thinking on SALS is that multiple genetic and environmental factors contribute to disease liability. Since neuronal acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are part of the glutamatergic pathway, we searched for sequence variants in CHRNA3, CHRNA4 and(More)
In 1997, a locus for benign familial infantile convulsions (BFIC) was mapped to chromosome 19q. Further data suggested that this locus is not involved in all families with BFIC. In the present report, we studied eight Italian families and mapped a novel BFIC locus within a 0.7-cM interval of chromosome 2q24, between markers D2S399 and D2S2330. A maximum(More)
Benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy (BAFME or FAME) is an autosomal dominant condition, characterized by shivering-like tremors of cortical origin, myoclonus, and epilepsy. Linkage to chromosomes 2p11.1-q12.2 and 8q23.1-q24.11 has been reported in Japanese and Italian families, respectively. We aimed to determine whether a common founder haplotype was(More)
Idiopathic epilepsies (IEs) are a group of disorders characterized by recurrent seizures in the absence of detectable brain lesions or metabolic abnormalities. IEs include common disorders with a complex mode of inheritance and rare Mendelian traits suggesting the occurrence of several alleles with variable penetrance. We previously described a large family(More)