Francesca M Couto

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Pancreatic beta-cell loss through apoptosis represents a key factor in the pathogenesis of diabetes; however, no effective approaches to block this process and preserve endogenous beta-cell mass are currently available. To study the role of thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), a proapoptotic beta-cell factor we recently identified, we used HcB-19 (TXNIP(More)
Exenatide (Ex-4) is a novel anti-diabetic drug that stimulates insulin secretion and enhances beta-cell mass, but the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. We found that Ex-4 protects INS-1 beta-cells against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis (TUNEL) and also reduces expression (mRNA and protein) of thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), a(More)
Glucose effects on cellular functions such as gene expression require, in general, glucose metabolism at least to glucose-6-phosphate (G-6-P). However, the example of thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), a glucose-regulated gene involved in the cellular redox state and pancreatic beta cell apoptosis, demonstrates that this rule may not always apply. We(More)
Exenatide (Ex-4) is an antidiabetic drug that acts through the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor and has recently been approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Ex-4 also has been shown to affect beta cell gene expression and increase beta cell mass in rodent models of type 1 diabetes mellitus, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. We(More)
OBJECTIVE To report a case of calciphylaxis in the absence of renal failure in a patient with secondary hyperparathyroidism and low calcium/phosphorus product, in whom total parathyroidectomy resulted in relief of pain and healing of ulcerations. METHODS We present the clinical, laboratory, and pathologic findings in a 62-year-old woman with calciphylaxis(More)
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