Francesca Italiano

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The potential of purple non-sulphur bacteria for bioremediation was assessed by investigating the ability of Rhodobacter sphaeroides strain R26.1 to grow photosynthetically in heavy metal contaminated environments. Bacterial cultures were carried out in artificially polluted media, enriched with the transition metal ions Hg2+, Cu2+, Fe2+, Ni2+, Co2+,(More)
Thermally anomalous fluids released in seismic areas in Slovenia were the subjects of geochemical monitoring. Thermal waters were surveyed from the seismically active area of Posocje (Bled and Zatolmin; NW Slovenia) and from Rogaska Slatina in eastern Slovenia. Continuous monitoring of geochemical parameters (radon concentration, electrical conductivity,(More)
The possibility of understanding natural processes leading to explosive events in volcanic systems provides advantages for a better management of possible volcanic crises. On account of the possibility of the occurrence of other phenomena, such as tsunamis, the explosions driven by submarine volcanic systems are of particular interest, although little(More)
Blue and colorless native gel electrophoresis in combination with LC-ESI-MS/MS are powerful tools in the analysis of protein networks in biological membranes. We used these techniques in the present study to generate a comprehensive overview on a proteome-wide scale of intracytoplasmic membrane (ICM) associated proteins in order to investigate the native(More)
The ability of microorganisms to adhere to abiotic surfaces and the potentialities of attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy have been exploited to study protonation and heavy metal binding events onto bacterial surfaces. This work represents the first attempt to apply on bacteria the recently developed method known(More)
AIMS To investigate the surviving capability of Rhodobacter sphaeroides under phototrophic conditions in the presence of high cobalt concentration and its influence on the photosynthetic apparatus biosynthesis. METHODS AND RESULTS Cells from R. sphaeroides strain R26.1 were grown anaerobically in a medium containing 5.0 mmol l(-1) cobalt ions and in a(More)
The response of the carotenoidless Rhodobacter sphaeroides mutant R26 to chromate stress under photosynthetic conditions is investigated by biochemical and spectroscopic measurements, proteomic analysis and cell imaging. Cell cultures were found able to reduce chromate within 3–4 days. Chromate induces marked changes in the cellular dimension and(More)
Rhodobacter sphaeroides has for a long time been investigated for its adaptive capacities to different environmental and nutritional conditions, including presence of heavy metals, which make it a valuable model organism for understanding bacterial adaptation to metal stress conditions and future environmental applications, such as bioremediation of(More)
Cobalt is an important oligoelement required for bacteria; if present in high concentration, exhibits toxic effects that, depending on the microorganism under investigation, may even result in growth inhibition. The photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter (R.) sphaeroides tolerates high cobalt concentration and bioaccumulates Co2+ ion, mostly on the cellular(More)
Natural methane emission from geological sources has recently been recognized as an important component in the atmospheric methane budget. Some authors have only focused their attention on submarine gas seepage and gas hydrates (Judd, 2000; Kvenvolden et al., 2001), recent studies have suggested that mud volcanoes (MVs) on land and microseepage in(More)