Francesca Ietta

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BACKGROUND Oxygen plays a central role in human placental pathologies including preeclampsia, a leading cause of fetal and maternal death and morbidity. Insufficient uteroplacental oxygenation in preeclampsia is believed to be responsible for the molecular events leading to the clinical manifestations of this disease. DESIGN Using high-throughput(More)
ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is a membrane transporter which performs cellular efflux of cholesterol and phospholipid. ABCA1's cholesterol transporting role in human placenta appears to be crucial for normal fetal development. Despite the critical importance of cholesterol in fetal development, expression of ABCA1 in the human placenta(More)
OBJECTIVE MIF is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in reproduction. Systemic activation of maternal inflammatory cell responses may play an important role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE). We hypothesized that MIF could be involved in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN Concentration of immunoreactive MIF was assayed by enzyme-linked immunoassorbent(More)
The human placenta is a unique organ in terms of oxygenation as it undergoes a transition from a low to a more oxygenated environment. This physiological switch in oxygen tension is a prerequisite for proper placental development and involves the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF). HIF is stable and initiates gene transcription under hypoxia, whereas in(More)
Placental viviparity is a reproductive strategy usually attributed to mammals. However, it is also present in other vertebrate species, e.g. in Squamate reptiles. Although the immunological mechanisms that allow the survival of the semi-allogenic embryo in maternal tissues are still largely unknown, cytokines seem to play an important role in mammalian(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA), an estrogen-like chemical, leaches from consumer products potentially causing human exposure. To examine the effects of BPA exposure during pregnancy, we performed studies using the BeWo trophoblast cell line, placental explant cultures, placental perfusions and skin diffusion models, all of human origin. Results showed BPA cytotoxicity(More)
We recently found that Rottlerin not only inhibits proliferation but also causes Bcl-2- and Beclin 1-independent autophagic death in apoptosis-resistant breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells. Having excluded a role for canonical signaling pathways, the current study was aimed to investigate the contribution of the AMPK/mTOR axis in autophagy induction and to(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of preeclampsia, a serious pregnancy disorder, is still elusive and its treatment empirical. Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1 (HIF-1) is crucial for placental development and early detection of aberrant regulatory mechanisms of HIF-1 could impact on the diagnosis and management of preeclampsia. HIF-1α stability is controlled by(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether, in patients with the diffuse form of systemic sclerosis (dSSc), macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) production is dysregulated. METHODS 10 patients with dSSc and 10 healthy controls, matched for age and sex, were studied. MIF expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry on formalin fixed skin biopsies of(More)
PROBLEM Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in reproduction. Presently there is no information on the possible involvement of MIF in the onset of labor. METHODS Macrophage migration inhibitory factor was assayed, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), in maternal serum (MS) and amniotic fluid (AF)(More)