Francesca Guia Imperiali

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OBJECTIVE Dysregulation of the apoptotic mechanisms plays a key role in the accumulation of malignant B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells. The transcription nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB is important for cell survival by regulating the expression of anti-apoptotic genes. Several cytokines can modulate leukemic growth and apoptosis in B-CLL. The aim of(More)
This prospective study investigated the efficacy, safety, and response duration of low-dose rituximab (100 mg fixed dose for 4 weekly infusions) together with a short course of steroids as first- or second-line therapy in 23 patients with primary autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). The overall response was 82.6% at month +2, and subsequently stabilized to ∼(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the sustained response to low-dose (LD) rituximab in autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), the ex vivo effect on anti-RBC antibody production by mitogen-stimulated direct antiglobulin test (MS-DAT), and the in vitro dose effect of the drug on the production of anti-RBC antibodies. METHODS Thirty two patients, 18 warm (W) AIHA and 14(More)
The diagnosis of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is based on a positive direct antiglobulin test (DAT), which is performed using various methods with different sensitivities. Recently, mitogen-stimulated (MS)-DAT was suggested to be able to identify latent anti-erythrocyte autoimmunity. Traditional methods (tube, microcolumn, and solid phase) and MS-DAT(More)
1Unità Operativa Ematologia 2, Fondazione Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS) Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy; 2Clinica Ematologica, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria, Udine, Italy; 3Ematologia, Ospedale S. Bortolo, Vicenza, Italy; 4Unità Operativa Epidemiologia, Dipartimento della Medicina Preventiva,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Autoimmune phenomena, mainly directed against red blood cells are described in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), particularly early MDS, i.e. refractory anemia (RA) and RA with ringed sideroblasts (RARS). Dysregulation of apoptosis and immunoregulatory cytokines are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of MDS. DESIGN AND(More)
B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) patients have a high prevalence of autoimmune phenomena, mainly autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). Immunoregulatory cytokines play a role in the regulation of both autoimmunity and leukemic B-cell growth. Mitogen-stimulated direct antiglobulin test (MS-DAT) is a recently described test able to disclose latent anti-RBC(More)
Synergism between Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) and HIV-1 infections was demonstrated in several in vitro models and clinical studies. Here, we investigated their reciprocal effects on growth in chronically HIV-1-infected promonocytic U1 cells and in acutely infected monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). Phagocytosis of M. tuberculosis induced(More)
Autoimmune phenomena and cytokines were investigated in 100 patients with myelofibrosis (MF) and related to marrow fibrosis and clinical risk. Anti-erythrocyte antibodies by mitogen-stimulated direct antiglobulin test (MS-DAT) were positive in 45%, anti-platelets in 15% and organ/non organ-specific in 57% of cases, without clinically overt disease, and(More)