Francesca Guarino

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Carnosinase is a dipeptidase found almost exclusively in brain and serum. Its natural substrate carnosine, present at high concentration in the brain, has been proposed as an antioxidant in vivo. We investigated the role of carnosinase in brain aging to establish a possible correlation with age-related changes in cellular stress response and redox status.(More)
Cigarette smoking plays a major role in the development of atherosclerosis and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality for coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. In spite of the abundance of epidemiological evidence that links cigarette smoking to vascular disease, the pathologic mechanisms for such interaction are not(More)
Cu/Zn Superoxide Dismutase (SOD1), the most important antioxidant defense against ROS in eukaryotic cells, localizes in cytosol and intermembrane space of mitochondria (IMS). Several evidences show a SOD1 intersection with both fermentative and respiratory metabolism. The Voltage Dependent Anion Channel (VDAC) is the main pore-forming protein in the(More)
Cigarette smoking by the male partner adversely affects assisted reproductive techniques, suggesting that it may damage sperm chromatin/DNA and consequently embryo development. The effects of graded concentrations of research cigarettes smoke extract (CSE) on motility, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), chromatin integrity and apoptosis were evaluated(More)
Voltage-Dependent Anion selective Channel maintains the permeability of the outer mitochondrial membrane and is relevant in bioenergetic metabolism and apoptosis. The structure of the protein was shown to be a β-barrel formed by 19 strands. The topology or sideness of the pore has been predicted with various approaches but a general consensus was never(More)
There is merit in considering a simple toxicological screening method that evaluates the total cytotoxic potential of e-liquids or electronic cigarettes (ECs) aerosol emissions in one single testing. However, there is growing confusion, with several researchers endorsing their personal solution to the problem. Here, we discuss as an example the recent paper(More)
Mitochondrial porin or VDAC (Voltage Dependent Anion selective Channels) was identified for the first time in 1976, on the basis of the evolutionary similarity between the gram negative and mitochondrial outer membranes. Since this achievement VDAC has been extensively investigated: its functional features have been sharply defined upon reconstitution in(More)
VDACs (Voltage Dependent Anion selective Channels) are a family of pore-forming proteins discovered in the mitochondrial outer membrane. In the animal kingdom, mammals show a conserved genetic organization of the VDAC genes, corresponding to a group of three active genes. Three VDAC protein isoforms thus exist. From a historically point of view most of the(More)
Voltage-Dependent Anion selective Channels (VDAC) are pore-forming mitochondrial outer membrane proteins. In mammals VDAC3, the least characterized isoform, presents a set of cysteines predicted to be exposed toward the intermembrane space. We find that cysteines in VDAC3 can stay in different oxidation states. This was preliminary observed when, in our(More)
BACKGROUND The swordfish (Xiphias gladius) is a cosmopolitan large pelagic fish inhabiting tempered and tropical waters and it is a target species for fisheries all around the world. The present study investigated the ability of COI barcoding to reliably identify swordfish and particularly specific stocks of this commercially important species. (More)