Francesca Gragnani

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Brain involvement in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is characterised by cortical atrophy and white matter lesions. We compared the magnetic resonance imaging derived grey matter maps of 22 DM1 patients with those of matched, healthy controls using voxel based morphometry to evaluate the extension of global and regional cortical atrophy in DM1, as well as(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the health-related quality of life in myotonic dystrophy type 1 and its relationships with clinical, genetic, neuropsychological and emotional factors. DESIGN Case-control study of a continuous series of patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty patients, and 20 age-, sex- and education-matched healthy(More)
Spinal-bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a rare X-linked neuronopathy associated with an abnormal representation of androgen receptors in the nervous system. Standard nerve conduction and histopathological studies have disclosed the involvement of large myelinated sensory fibers in the spinal nerves of SBMA patients. Little is known about the involvement of(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow transplant (BMT) is used for both neoplastic and nonneoplastic diseases. Following BMT, particularly during the first 3 months, patients have a number of neurologic complications. We evaluated the early neurologic complications following BMT and their influence on survival. METHODS We prospectively followed 115 consecutive patients(More)
The cause of downbeat nystagmus (DBN) remains undiagnosed in about 40% of patients. This paper reports the presence of antiglutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GAD-Ab) in a patient with DBN. Antibodies against GABAergic neurons located in the vestibular complex may induce chemical denervation of the floccular neurons, which normally suppress the(More)
The authors prospectively studied the natural course of cardiac involvement and its relationship to cytosine-thymine-guanine (CTG) expansion in 50 patients with myotonic dystrophy who were submitted to periodic cardiovascular EKG and EKG-Holter monitoring during a median follow-up of 56 months. Nineteen patients (38%) developed major EKG changes. CTG length(More)
To evaluate clinical characteristics and outcome of myasthenia gravis (MG) in aged patients (> 60yrs), we retrospectively reviewed a continuous series of 122 myasthenic patients observed from January 1968 through December 1994. Patients with congenital, neonatal, or penicillamine-induced myasthenia were excluded. Twenty-five subjects (20%) were > 60yrs. The(More)
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a multisystemic disease involving multiple organ systems including central nervous system (CNS) and muscles. Few studies have focused on the central motor system in DM1, pointing to a subclinical abnormality in the CNS. The aim of our study was to investigate patterns of cerebral activation in DM1 during a motor task using(More)
The clinical characteristics of paramedian diencephalic syndrome (PDS) are described on the basis of two recently observed cases: one with paramedian thalamic infarct, the other with paramedian thalamopeduncular infarct. Analysis of the clinical symptoms and the results of CBF study show that PDS is a complex neurological syndrome characterized by symptoms(More)
To detect signs of axonal damage in MS, the authors investigated the occurrence in EMG of motor unit action potentials with satellite potentials (SP-MUAP) in the upper limb muscles in 10 consecutive patients with MS with cervical spinal cord demyelinating lesions and 10 control subjects. Subjects' SP-MUAP rate was 0 to 2.5% (median 0%) in the control group,(More)