Francesca Ginatempo

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Multiple sites in the central nervous system (CNS) have been hypothesized to explain the beneficial effects of transcutaneous trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS) on several disorders. This work investigated the acute effects of TNS on the excitability of brainstem and intracortical circuits, as well as on sensorimotor integration processes at cortical level(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ultrasound (US) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) are commonly employed for myofascial trigger points (MTP) despite lack of evidence for usage as stand-alone treatments. The aim of the study was to determine, on MTP of the upper trapezius muscle (uTM), the effects of US and LLLT per se, as delivered in accordance with the procedures(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the cross-training effect, induced on ankle dorsiflexors (AD) by unilateral strength-training of the contralateral muscles, as transfer of peak torque (PT) and muscle work (MW) and their relative contributions to muscle performance. METHODS Thirty healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to a training or control group. The trained(More)
Brainstem degeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) may explain the occurrence of many non-motor symptoms in this condition. Purposes of the present work were to investigate brainstem function in PD through a battery of vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) allowing a comprehensive brainstem exploration and to correlate VEMP findings with symptoms(More)
The beneficial effects of trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS) on several neurological disorders are increasingly acknowledged. Hypothesized mechanisms include the modulation of excitability in networks involved by the disease, and its main site of action has been recently reported at brain stem level. Aim of this work was to test whether acute TNS modulates(More)
Brainstem dysfunctions are associated to high risk of developing severe disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), often undetected by conventional routine assessments. In this view, the purpose of this study was to monitor brainstem function over a short-term period in PwMS, comparing clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations(More)
OBJECTIVE To study brainstem function in Parkinson's Disease (PD) at different stages, through a battery of vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) and compare the results with scores on clinical scales assessing the presence of symptoms linked to brainstem involvement. METHODS Cervical, masseter and ocular VEMPs were recorded in patients with early(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate vestibulo-masseteric (VMR), acoustic-masseteric (AMR), vestibulo-collic (VCR) and trigemino-collic (TCR) reflexes in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS); to relate abnormalities of brainstem reflexes (BSRs) to multimodal evoked potentials (EPs), clinical and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) findings. METHODS Click-evoked VMR,(More)
BACKGROUND The contralateral strength training (CST) effect is a transfer of muscle performance to the untrained limb following training of the contralateral side. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to explore, in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) presenting marked lower limb strength asymmetry, the effectiveness of CST on management of muscle(More)
To test whether long-term cortical adaptations occur bilaterally following chronic unilateral training with a simple motor task. Participants (n = 34) were randomly allocated to a training or control groups. Only the former completed a 4-week maximal-intensity isometric training of the right first dorsal interosseus muscle through key pinching. Maximal(More)