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Multiple sites in the central nervous system (CNS) have been hypothesized to explain the beneficial effects of transcutaneous trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS) on several disorders. This work investigated the acute effects of TNS on the excitability of brainstem and intracortical circuits, as well as on sensorimotor integration processes at cortical level(More)
The beneficial effects of trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS) on several neurological disorders are increasingly acknowledged. Hypothesized mechanisms include the modulation of excitability in networks involved by the disease, and its main site of action has been recently reported at brain stem level. Aim of this work was to test whether acute TNS modulates(More)
Brainstem degeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) may explain the occurrence of many non-motor symptoms in this condition. Purposes of the present work were to investigate brainstem function in PD through a battery of vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) allowing a comprehensive brainstem exploration and to correlate VEMP findings with symptoms(More)
Brainstem dysfunctions are associated to high risk of developing severe disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), often undetected by conventional routine assessments. In this view, the purpose of this study was to monitor brainstem function over a short-term period in PwMS, comparing clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations(More)
To test whether long-term cortical adaptations occur bilaterally following chronic unilateral training with a simple motor task. Participants (n = 34) were randomly allocated to a training or control groups. Only the former completed a 4-week maximal-intensity isometric training of the right first dorsal interosseus muscle through key pinching. Maximal(More)
OBJECTIVE To study brainstem function in Parkinson's Disease (PD) at different stages, through a battery of vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) and compare the results with scores on clinical scales assessing the presence of symptoms linked to brainstem involvement. METHODS Cervical, masseter and ocular VEMPs were recorded in patients with early(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate vestibulo-masseteric (VMR), acoustic-masseteric (AMR), vestibulo-collic (VCR) and trigemino-collic (TCR) reflexes in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS); to relate abnormalities of brainstem reflexes (BSRs) to multimodal evoked potentials (EPs), clinical and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) findings. METHODS Click-evoked VMR,(More)
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