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BACKGROUND Supervised machine learning has been proposed as a revolutionary approach for identifying sensitive medical image biomarkers (or combination of them) allowing for automatic diagnosis of individual subjects. The aim of this work was to assess the feasibility of a supervised machine learning algorithm for the assisted diagnosis of patients with(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive role of pre-therapy fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake parameters of primary tumour in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients undergoing intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) on FDG-positive volume-positron emission tomography (PET) gross tumour volume(More)
PURPOSE To assess whether changes in diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) and (18) F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18) F-FDG PET/CT), correlate with treatment response to neoadjuvant therapy (NT), as expressed by tumor regression grade (TRG), from locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma (GA). MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
We have developed, optimized, and validated a method for partial volume effect (PVE) correction of oncological lesions in positron emission tomography (PET) clinical studies, based on recovery coefficients (RC) and on PET measurements of lesion-to-background ratio (L/B m) and of lesion metabolic volume. An operator-independent technique, based on an(More)
[18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is a widely used diagnostic tool that can detect and quantify pathophysiology, as assessed through changes in cerebral glucose metabolism. [18F]-FDG PET scans can be analyzed using voxel-based statistical methods such as Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) that provide statistical maps of(More)
Diagnostic accuracy in FDG-PET imaging highly depends on the operating procedures. In this clinical study on dementia, we compared the diagnostic accuracy at a single-subject level of a) Clinical Scenarios, b) Standard FDG Images and c) Statistical Parametrical (SPM) Maps generated via a new optimized SPM procedure. We evaluated the added value of FDG-PET,(More)
AIM The aim of this work is to evaluate the metabolic impact of Partial Volume Correction (PVC) on the measurement of the Standard Uptake Value (SUV) from [18F]FDG PET-CT oncological studies for treatment monitoring purpose. METHODS Twenty-nine breast cancer patients with bone lesions (42 lesions in total) underwent [18F]FDG PET-CT studies after surgical(More)
We report a case study demonstrating the value of prone positioning in positron emission tomography (PET) of a woman with diagnosed breast cancer (BC) addressed to lumpectomy. Surgeon required (18)F-fluorodeoxiglucose ((18)F-FDG) PET study for staging and assessment of lymphnode involvement/metastasis prior to lumpectomy: a whole-body supine study and a(More)
Target volume delineation of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) images in radiation treatment planning is challenging because of the low spatial resolution and high noise level in PET data. The aim of this work is the development of an accurate and fast method for semi-automatic segmentation of metabolic regions on PET images. For this purpose, an algorithm(More)
Specific genome copy number alterations, such as deletions and amplifications are an important factor in tumor development and progression, and are also associated with changes in gene expression. By combining analyses of gene expression and genome copy number we identified genes as candidate biomarkers of BC which were validated as prognostic factors of(More)