Francesca Gallia

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the molecular defect underlying a large Italian kindred with progressive adult-onset respiratory failure, proximal weakness of the upper limbs, and evidence of lower motor neuron degeneration. METHODS We describe the clinical features of 5 patients presenting with prominent respiratory insufficiency, proximal weakness of the upper(More)
Antibodies against several neural antigens have been associated with different chronic immune-mediated neuropathies but their practical clinical relevance remains unclear. To determine the possible diagnostic usefulness of these antibodies we reviewed the clinical correlate of IgM antibodies to the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), sulfatide, the(More)
The identification of a distinct subgroup of patients within the spectrum of lower motor neuron syndromes (LMNS) is crucial as some are potentially treatable. We describe the clinical and neuropathological characteristics of a patient presenting with a rapidly progressive LMNS associated with high titers of anti-GM1 antibodies, leading to respiratory(More)
Dear Editor, Placebo-controlled studies confirm that intravenous human immunoglobulin therapy (IVIg) improves muscle strength in almost 80% of patients with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) (Nobile-Orazio et al., 2005; van Schaik et al., 2005). The effect of IVIg is usually transient and needs to be maintained with periodic IVIg infusions (Terenghi et al.,(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic inflammatory neuropathies are disorders caused by an immune response to peripheral nerve. They include chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) and neuropathy associated with anti-MAG IgM monoclonal gammopathy and other less frequent neuropathies. Several immune therapies have(More)
Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) is a purely motor mononeuritis multiplex characterized by the presence of conduction block on motor but not on sensory nerves and by the presence of high titers of anti-GM1 antibodies. Several data point to a pathogenetic role of the immune system in this neuropathy, although this has not yet been proved. Several(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) and corticosteroids are effective as initial treatment in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), but little is known about the comparative risk-benefit profile of their long-term use in this disease. We compared the efficacy and tolerability of 6-month therapy with IVIg(More)
High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is effective in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) and multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN). Not all brands of IVIg are however licensed for these neuropathies. We reviewed six patients with CIDP and seven with MMN treated with maintenance therapy with IVIg from 2009 to 2013. In all(More)
Given its anti-angiogenic activity, lenalidomide may have a role in the treatment of POEMS (Peripheral neuropathy, Organomegaly, Endocrinopathy, Monoclonal plasma cell disorder and Skin changes) syndrome. This prospective, open-label, pilot study evaluated the combination of lenalidomide + dexamethasone (RD) in 18 POEMS syndrome patients (13 pre-treated, 5(More)