Francesca Galbiati

Learn More
CD4(+) T regulatory type 1 (Tr1) cells suppress Ag-specific immune responses in vitro and in vivo. Although IL-10 is critical for the differentiation of Tr1 cells, the effects of other cytokines on differentiation of naive T cells into Tr1 cells have not been investigated. Here we demonstrate that endogenous or exogenous IL-10 in combination with IFN-alpha,(More)
The postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ) is a niche for continuous neurogenesis in the adult brain and likely plays a fundamental role in self-repair responses in neurodegenerative conditions. Maintenance of the pool of neural stem cells within this area depends on cell-cell communication such as that provided by the Notch signaling pathway. Notch1 receptor(More)
In Arabidopsis thaliana, the three MADS box genes SEEDSTICK (STK), SHATTERPROOF1 (SHP1), and SHP2 redundantly regulate ovule development. Protein interaction studies have shown that a multimeric complex composed of the ovule identity proteins together with the SEPALLATA MADS domain proteins is necessary to determine ovule identity. Despite the extensive(More)
This study characterized the therapeutic benefits of combining hematogenous cell replacement with lentiviral-mediated gene transfer of galactosylceramidase (GALC) in Twitcher mice, a bona fide model for Krabbe disease. Bone marrow cells and GALC-lentiviral vectors were administered intravenously without any preconditioning to newborn Twitcher pups before(More)
1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] inhibits production of IL-12, a cytokine involved in the development of Th1 cells and in the pathogenesis of Th1-mediated autoimmune diseases. Here, we show that 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) and a non-hypercalcemic analogue are selective and potent inhibitors of Th1 development in vitro and in vivo without inducing a(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a T cell-mediated organ-specific inflammatory disease leading to central nervous system (CNS) demyelination. On the basis of results obtained in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) models, MS treatment by administration of antiinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 4 (IL-4) is promising but is hampered by the(More)
BACKGROUND Demyelination in globoid cell leukodystrophy (GLD) is due to a deficiency of galactocerebrosidase (GALC) activity. Up to now, in vivo brain viral gene transfer of GALC showed modest impact on disease development in Twitcher mice, an animal model for GLD. Lentiviral vectors, which are highly efficient to transfer the expression of therapeutic(More)
The capacity to discriminate variations in day length allows plants to align flowering with the most favourable season of the year. This capacity has been altered by artificial selection when cultivated varieties became adapted to environments different from those of initial domestication. Rice flowering is promoted by short days when HEADING DATE 1 (Hd1)(More)
Continuous administration of soluble proteins, delivered over a 10-d period by a mini-osmotic pump implanted subcutaneously, induces a long-lasting inhibition of antigen-specific T cell proliferation in lymph node cells from BALB/c mice subsequently primed with antigen in adjuvant. The decreased T cell proliferative response is associated with a(More)
Lysosomal beta-galactosylceramidase deficiency results in demyelination and inflammation in the nervous system causing the neurological Krabbe disease. In the Twitcher mouse model of this disease, we found that neurological symptoms parallel progressive and severe lymphopenia. Although lymphopoiesis is normal before disease onset, primary and secondary(More)