Francesca Felicia Caputi

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To determine the effects of ventral cervical and selective spinal accessory nerve rhizotomy on spasmodic torticollis, 58 patients who had undergone surgery between 1979 and 1987 were reviewed retrospectively. At the time of surgery, each nerve rootlet was electrically stimulated to determine its effect on the nuchal musculature prior to sectioning.(More)
Subdural hematomas may affect 0.4-5 p. 100 of patients with cancer, because of predisposing risk factors or because of the cancer itself. The most likely association is with hematological cancer with coagulative disorders. An association with pachymeningitis carcinomatosa is less likely. In this instance the subdural hematoma is due to a neoplastic(More)
Cocaine induces neurochemical changes of endogenous prodynorphin-kappa opioid receptor (pDYN-KOP) and pronociceptin/orphaninFQ-nociceptin receptor (pN/OFQ-NOP) systems. Both systems play an important role in rewarding mechanisms and addictive stimulus processing by modulating drug-induced dopaminergic activation in the mesocortico-limbic brain areas. They(More)
Several studies demonstrated the role of the endogenous opioid system in the development of susceptibility to alcohol dependence. Recently, we reported that binge intragastric administration of ethanol induces selective alterations of pronociceptin and prodynorphin gene expression in the rat amygdala complex depending on the days of exposures and on the(More)
The fissure separating the motor from the sensory cortex and the substantia gelatinosa capping the posterior horn of the spinal cord are still known by the name of the Italian anatomist Rolando, Luigi Rolando was born in Turin, Italy, in 1773 and died in 1831. His life was not easy, the first of his problems being the death of his father when Rolando was(More)
Molecular mechanisms of adaptive transformations caused by alcohol exposure on opioid dynorphin and nociceptin systems have been investigated in the rat brain. Alcohol was intragastrically administered to rats to resemble human drinking with several hours of exposure: water or alcohol (20% in water) at a dose of 1.5 g/kg three times daily for 1 or 5 days.(More)
Subdural interhemispheric hematomas (ISH), though not really rare, are quite an uncommon complication of head traumas. This condition is more frequent in childhood, where it is generally considered as a part of a more complex syndrome, called 'Shaken Children Syndrome', usually pointing out child abuse. Although a head injury is very often considered the(More)
BACKGROUND Abuse of heroin and prescription opiate medications has grown to disturbing levels. Opioids mediate their effects through mu opioid receptors (MOR), but minimal information exists regarding MOR-related striatal signaling relevant to the human condition. The striatum is a structure central to reward and habitual behavior and neurobiological(More)
In primary or relapsing grossly cystic craniopharyngiomas most of the problems related to the neoplastic mass may be, even if temporarily, improved by reducing volume of the cyst. A major surgical approach is unjustified when the aim is only to empty the cyst contents. Drainage of the cyst cavity by means of derivative techniques may be as effective and(More)